E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population

Irfan Ahmad Khan, Shalini Chandra, Mohan Lal Kanojia.

Abstract
Background: Besides being associated with cardiovascular diseases, hypertension has emerged as a risk factor for diabetes. A few studies have focused on the role of vitamin D in the control of blood pressure in hypertensive people. There is still debate about whether serum vitamin D levels play a role in causing hypertension or not.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study was to find out the relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in type diabetes.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, a total of 180 type 2 diabetes patients participated. Patients were divided into two groups on the bases of Vitamin D levels. Vitamin D levels below 20 ng/ml are considered Vitamin D deficient and more than 20ng/ml are considered as no vitamin D deficient. An independent t-test was used for comparison of glycemic parameters and blood pressure between the two groups. Person correlation was used to find out the relationship between Vitamin D and blood pressure.

Results: Glycated hemoglobin and fasting plasma glucose were significantly higher in vitamin D deficient groups (P ≤ 0.001). Furthermore, a significant difference was found in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Moreover, a significant negative correlation was observed only with vitamin D deficient group and SBP (r = –0.22, P = 0.04); it was also true for DBP and MAP (r = –0.24, P = 0.03, r = –0.24, P = 0.01), respectively.

Conclusion: A low vitamin D is negatively associated with blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients. Vitamin D supplementation can improve blood pressure along with glycemic parameter.

Key words: Type 2 Diabetes; Vitamin D; Blood Pressure; Glycated Hemoglobin; Fasting Plasma Glucose


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khan IA, Chandra S, Kanojia ML. Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022


Web Style

Khan IA, Chandra S, Kanojia ML. Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=66562 [Access: December 03, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan IA, Chandra S, Kanojia ML. Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan IA, Chandra S, Kanojia ML. Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 03, 2022]; 12(8): 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022



Harvard Style

Khan, I. A., Chandra, . S. & Kanojia, . M. L. (2022) Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (8), 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022



Turabian Style

Khan, Irfan Ahmad, Shalini Chandra, and Mohan Lal Kanojia. 2022. Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022



Chicago Style

Khan, Irfan Ahmad, Shalini Chandra, and Mohan Lal Kanojia. "Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Irfan Ahmad, Shalini Chandra, and Mohan Lal Kanojia. "Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.8 (2022), 1273-1277. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, I. A., Chandra, . S. & Kanojia, . M. L. (2022) Relationship between vitamin D and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in semi-urban North Indian population. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1273-1277. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.06305202204072022