E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students

Kalyani Praba Premsundar, Vijay Anand Balasubramanian, Adhithi Venkat, Thamarai Selvi K, Saravanan A.

Abstract
Background: Hypertension is becoming more common in young adults because of sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise in this digital world. The literature regarding the prevalence of hypertension among medical students in South India is limited. This study was done to find out the cardiovascular response in response to bicycle ergometric exercises.

Aim and Objectives: This study aims to find the response of short time effect of exercise on cardiovascular system by using bicycle ergometer among medical students and to determine the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in them.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 medical students to assess their cardiovascular response to bicycle ergometer exercise. The subject was instructed to pedal the cycle for 5 min with 50–60 revolutions per minute. Pulse rate and blood pressure (BP) were recorded in resting state, during exercise (at 3 min), after exercise (at 5 min), and after recovery (10 min). Statistical analysis was performed using repeated measure ANOVA test and Pearson’s correlation co-efficient.

Results: About 24% students had increased systolic and 15% had increased diastolic BPs at rest. There was a significant increase in both during exercise. Ten minutes after exercise, the systolic BP was in prehypertensive range in 25% and Stage 1 hypertension in 2% students. Body mass index correlated with BP positively.

Conclusion: The prevalence of prehypertension among asymptomatic healthy medical students is high. Medical students need orientation to improve their knowledge, attitude, and lifestyle practices early in life for prevention and treatment of hypertension.

Key words: Exercise; Bicycle Ergometer; Prehypertension; Cardiovascular Response


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Kalyani Praba Premsundar
Articles by Vijay Anand Balasubramanian
Articles by Adhithi Venkat
Articles by Thamarai Selvi K
Articles by Saravanan A
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Premsundar KP, Balasubramanian VA, Venkat A, K TS, A S. Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(8): 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021


Web Style

Premsundar KP, Balasubramanian VA, Venkat A, K TS, A S. Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=62033 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Premsundar KP, Balasubramanian VA, Venkat A, K TS, A S. Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(8): 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Premsundar KP, Balasubramanian VA, Venkat A, K TS, A S. Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 01, 2021]; 11(8): 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021



Harvard Style

Premsundar, K. P., Balasubramanian, . V. A., Venkat, . A., K, . T. S. & A, . S. (2021) Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (8), 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021



Turabian Style

Premsundar, Kalyani Praba, Vijay Anand Balasubramanian, Adhithi Venkat, Thamarai Selvi K, and Saravanan A. 2021. Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (8), 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021



Chicago Style

Premsundar, Kalyani Praba, Vijay Anand Balasubramanian, Adhithi Venkat, Thamarai Selvi K, and Saravanan A. "Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Premsundar, Kalyani Praba, Vijay Anand Balasubramanian, Adhithi Venkat, Thamarai Selvi K, and Saravanan A. "Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.8 (2021), 845-849. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Premsundar, K. P., Balasubramanian, . V. A., Venkat, . A., K, . T. S. & A, . S. (2021) Response of cardiovascular system to exercise using bicycle ergometer among first year medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (8), 845-849. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03084202115032021