E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital

Sanjay Gedam, Sachin Kuchya.

Abstract
Background: Identification of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is first step toward preventing, treating, and reporting them, which might lead in planning appropriate risk evaluation and mitigation strategies. This very scientific activity is essence of pharmacovigilance. Assessing awareness of pharmacovigilance among the health-care professionals is of key importance for improving under reporting of ADRs.

Aim and Objective: This was a study to evaluate the perceptions and knowledge regarding pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting among undergraduate students of a medical college situated at Central India using interactive educational workshop and hands-on training s tool.

Materials and Methods: This was a prospective interventional knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questionnaire-based study included 200 undergraduate MBBS students. The questionnaire contains 20 standard KAP questions, validation of questionnaire was done by senior subject experts and with similar studies conducted previously. All the participants who administered pre-intervention questionnaire were part of interactive educational intervention. A post-intervention questionnaire survey was used to evaluate the impact of effectiveness of educational intervention among the students. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and Chi-square test.

Results: The overall response rates were improved significantly (P < 0.05) for post-intervention questionnaire compared to pre-intervention response. This indicates significance of effectiveness of an educational intervention for improving awareness of pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting among undergraduate students.

Conclusion: The results of the present study demonstrate that an educational intervention can increase awareness of pharmacovigilance among medical students and they can incorporate this gained knowledge in clinical practice.

Key words: Pharmacovigilance; Adverse Drug Reactions; Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice, Educational intervention


 
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Pubmed Style

Gedam S, Kuchya S. An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(8): 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021


Web Style

Gedam S, Kuchya S. An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=38613 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gedam S, Kuchya S. An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(8): 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gedam S, Kuchya S. An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 01, 2021]; 11(8): 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021



Harvard Style

Gedam, S. & Kuchya, . S. (2021) An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (8), 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021



Turabian Style

Gedam, Sanjay, and Sachin Kuchya. 2021. An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (8), 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021



Chicago Style

Gedam, Sanjay, and Sachin Kuchya. "An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gedam, Sanjay, and Sachin Kuchya. "An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.8 (2021), 839-844. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gedam, S. & Kuchya, . S. (2021) An educational intervention to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among undergraduates in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (8), 839-844. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01002202112032021