E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India

Swasti Banerjee, Susanta Gorai, Jayanti Mishra, Prakash Kumar Nayak.

Abstract
Background: Pulmonary function testing has evolved as clinical tools, for diagnosis, management and follow-up in respiratory disorders. Several miniaturized smart devices are now available on the market that will calculate both parameters.

Aim and Objectives: The present study was undertaken to correlate the lung function parameters such as peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) measured by peak flow meter with various anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, and body surface area (BSA) including adiposity markers (waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and body mass index [BMI]) in healthy young adults of Eastern parts of India.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 524 medical, dental, and nursing students (351 females and 173 males) aged between 17 and 25 years. Pulmonary function parameters (PEFR and FEV1) were recorded by Mini Wright digital peak flow meter. All the data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA with least significant difference Post-hoc test.

Results: Both FEV1 and PEFR showed significantly higher values in males in comparison to females. Positive correlation was found between PEFR and height, more so in males. PEFR and BSA had a moderately positive correlation when considered among total study population. FEV1 showed strong correlation with height in all subjects taken together. PEFR decreased with increasing BMI but the difference was not statistically significant. FEV1 showed a significant difference between BMI-I and BMI-III categories with a decrease in FEV1 as BMI increased.

Conclusion: Height has been found to be the best predictor of lung functions.

Key words: Lung Function; Peak Expiratory Flow Rates; Forced Expiratory Volume in first S; Peak Flow Meter


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Banerjee S, Gorai S, Mishra J, Nayak PK. Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(7): 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021


Web Style

Banerjee S, Gorai S, Mishra J, Nayak PK. Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=56195 [Access: October 02, 2021]. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Banerjee S, Gorai S, Mishra J, Nayak PK. Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(7): 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Banerjee S, Gorai S, Mishra J, Nayak PK. Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 02, 2021]; 11(7): 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021



Harvard Style

Banerjee, S., Gorai, . S., Mishra, . J. & Nayak, . P. K. (2021) Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (7), 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021



Turabian Style

Banerjee, Swasti, Susanta Gorai, Jayanti Mishra, and Prakash Kumar Nayak. 2021. Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (7), 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021



Chicago Style

Banerjee, Swasti, Susanta Gorai, Jayanti Mishra, and Prakash Kumar Nayak. "Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Banerjee, Swasti, Susanta Gorai, Jayanti Mishra, and Prakash Kumar Nayak. "Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.7 (2021), 733-741. Print. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Banerjee, S., Gorai, . S., Mishra, . J. & Nayak, . P. K. (2021) Anthropometric determinants of peak expiratory flow rate and forced expiratory volume in first second in healthy young adults of eastern India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (7), 733-741. doi:0.5455/njppp.2021.11.02064202126022021