E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh

Sopai Tawsik, Hage Nobin, Tame Kena, Shyam Tsering, Adisi Kri, Jyothinath Kothapalli.

Abstract
Background: Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major health hazard and frequent cause of liver cancers accounting 90% of cancers of liver worldwide. It has high mortality, prevalence, and incidence rate in Sub-Saharan, South Africa, and South-east Asia. Its etiology is associated with infection, dietary habits, and lifestyle factors.

Aims and Objectives: The present study was designed to discuss the various possible etiologies for high incidence of HCC in Western Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Materials and Methods: Data were collected as one among 33 population-based cancer registries in India under national cancer registry program of national center for disease informatics and research, Indian Council of Medical Research between 2012 and 2014 in Tomo Riba Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Naharlagun. Data were represented in frequency and percentage using descriptive statistics.

Results: With 194 cases, HCC represented 13.5% of overall malignancies in the region. It is 3 times more common in males than in females. Age-adjusted incidence rate for men was 21.44 and for women was 7.05.

Conclusion: Western Arunachal Pradesh reported high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in the world. This finding may be associated with high prevalence of hepatitis and alcoholism in the region and perhaps also associated with local food habits.

Key words: Hepatocellular carcinoma; Arunachal Pradesh; National Cancer Registry Program; Population-Based Cancer Registries


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tawsik S, Nobin H, Kena T, Tsering S, Kri A, Kothapalli J. High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022


Web Style

Tawsik S, Nobin H, Kena T, Tsering S, Kri A, Kothapalli J. High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=49862 [Access: February 01, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tawsik S, Nobin H, Kena T, Tsering S, Kri A, Kothapalli J. High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tawsik S, Nobin H, Kena T, Tsering S, Kri A, Kothapalli J. High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2023]; 13(1): 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022



Harvard Style

Tawsik, S., Nobin, . H., Kena, . T., Tsering, . S., Kri, . A. & Kothapalli, . J. (2023) High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (1), 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022



Turabian Style

Tawsik, Sopai, Hage Nobin, Tame Kena, Shyam Tsering, Adisi Kri, and Jyothinath Kothapalli. 2023. High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022



Chicago Style

Tawsik, Sopai, Hage Nobin, Tame Kena, Shyam Tsering, Adisi Kri, and Jyothinath Kothapalli. "High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tawsik, Sopai, Hage Nobin, Tame Kena, Shyam Tsering, Adisi Kri, and Jyothinath Kothapalli. "High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.1 (2023), 73-76. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tawsik, S., Nobin, . H., Kena, . T., Tsering, . S., Kri, . A. & Kothapalli, . J. (2023) High incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma – A report from Population-Based Cancer Registry Center in Western Arunachal Pradesh. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 73-76. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05246202228052022