E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study

Kiran Bhave, Tejal Patel, Sumayya Nazneen Mohamad Siraj.

Abstract
Background: Amebiasis is a common recurring infection of the gastrointestinal tract caused by Entamoeba histolytica, affecting 15% of Indian population, related to poor sanitation and socioeconomic condition. No studies have been performed yet on cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs.

Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze cost variations of different brands of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India.

Materials and Methods: It was an observational and analytical study in which maximum and minimum costs in rupees per 10 tablets/capsules of each antiamoebic drug in same strength, manufactured by different pharmaceutical companies in India, were obtained from the Current Index of Medical Specialties (October 2021–January 2022), Drug Today (October 2021–January 2022), and Indian Drug Review (Issue 5, 2021). Cost ratio and % cost variation were calculated for each antiamoebic drug.

Results: Metronidazole 200mg had highest cost ratio of 12.1 and 1110.73% cost variation, while Diloxanide furoate 500 mg had lowest cost ratio of 1.69 and 69% cost variation. Among fixed dose combinations, Tinidazole + Norfloxaxin (600 + 400) mg had highest cost ratio of 17.89 and 1689% cost variation, while Metronidazole + Norfloxacin (600 + 400) mg had lowest cost ratio of 1.21 and 21.22% cost variation.

Conclusion: Our study showed significant cost variation in different brands of the same antiamoebic drugs. To lessen economic burden and to improve adherence to treatment, it is desirable for physicians to prescribe cheaper brands/generic drugs, to meet the health-care needs of patients. Furthermore, the government should make regulations to decrease cost variation of different brands of same antiamoebic drugs.

Key words: Cost Analysis; Antiamoebic Drugs; Cost Variation; Cost Ratio


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bhave K, Patel T, Siraj SNM. Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022


Web Style

Bhave K, Patel T, Siraj SNM. Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=43314 [Access: February 01, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bhave K, Patel T, Siraj SNM. Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bhave K, Patel T, Siraj SNM. Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2023]; 13(1): 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022



Harvard Style

Bhave, K., Patel, . T. & Siraj, . S. N. M. (2023) Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (1), 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022



Turabian Style

Bhave, Kiran, Tejal Patel, and Sumayya Nazneen Mohamad Siraj. 2023. Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022



Chicago Style

Bhave, Kiran, Tejal Patel, and Sumayya Nazneen Mohamad Siraj. "Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bhave, Kiran, Tejal Patel, and Sumayya Nazneen Mohamad Siraj. "Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.1 (2023), 54-57. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bhave, K., Patel, . T. & Siraj, . S. N. M. (2023) Cost analysis of antiamoebic drugs marketed in India: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 54-57. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05232202226052022