E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar

Pawan Kumar Jha, Sandeep Kumar, Harsh Narayan Jha.

Abstract
Background: Obesity, especially central obesity has been proved to be a risk factor for overall deterioration of health with emphasis on cardiovascular disease.

Aim and Objectives: In this study, we aimed to find if there is any correlation between waist-to-hip ratios with smoking and hypertension in patients from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar.

Materials and Methods: After taking permission from the institutional ethics committee, this study was conducted in the department of physiology and medicine in a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. Coronary artery disease patients were recruited from the in-patient department of medicine department. The waist circumference and hip circumference were measured by fiberglass measuring tape to the nearest 1 cm. The smoking history and history of hypertension were obtained.

Results: A total of 75 patients (57 male and 18 female) were included in the study. There was 26 (34.67%) smoker and 49 (65.33%) non-smoker. Among the patients 34 (45.33%) were suffering from hypertension and 41 (54.67%) patients did not suffer from hypertension (χ2 = 0.15, z = 0.38, P = 0.70). There was no gender difference in waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (t = 0.4553, P = 0.65). Among the patients, WHR, smoking, and hypertension did not show any significant correlation.

Conclusion: Among the coronary patients, there was no correlation of WHR with smoking and hypertension. Even smoking and hypertension did not show any relationship. Hence, obesity, smoking, and hypertension should be considered as individual risk factors for coronary artery disease.

Key words: Bihar; Coronary; Obesity; Smoking; Hypertension; Waist-to-hip Ratio


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jha PK, Kumar S, Jha HN. Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001


Web Style

Jha PK, Kumar S, Jha HN. Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=2297 [Access: November 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jha PK, Kumar S, Jha HN. Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jha PK, Kumar S, Jha HN. Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited November 24, 2022]; 12(9): 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001



Harvard Style

Jha, P. K., Kumar, . S. & Jha, . H. N. (2022) Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (9), 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001



Turabian Style

Jha, Pawan Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, and Harsh Narayan Jha. 2022. Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001



Chicago Style

Jha, Pawan Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, and Harsh Narayan Jha. "Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jha, Pawan Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, and Harsh Narayan Jha. "Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.9 (2022), 1375-1378. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jha, P. K., Kumar, . S. & Jha, . H. N. (2022) Correlation of waist-to-hip ratio with smoking and hypertension in coronary artery disease patients: Report from a tertiary care hospital in Bihar. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1375-1378. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01027202215012022001