E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat

Manan B Patel, Sheena Sivanandan, Baldev S Prajapati.

Abstract
Background: Viral hepatitis is a significant public health problem throughout the world affecting millions of children.

Aims and Objectives: The objective of the study was to determine the profile of acute viral hepatitis (AVH) in pediatric patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital in Gujarat.

Materials and Methods: This prospective and hospital-based study was done in a tertiary care hospital in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India from August 2019 to July 2021. Children up to 14 years of age with AVH who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included in the study.

Results: Mean age of presentation was 8.08 years. Males were more affected than females with male: Female ratio of 2:1. Majority of patients had a history of eating unhygienic food and drinking unsafe water. About 88% were vaccinated for hepatitis B. None of them was vaccinated for hepatitis A. The most common symptoms at presentation were fever (94%), abdominal pain (78%), vomiting (76%), dark colored urine (76%), yellow eyes (73%) and decreased appetite (61%). The most common clinical sign noted was jaundice followed by hepatomegaly. Hepatitis A was the most common etiological agent (86%) followed by hepatitis E (8%). Mixed infection with hepatitis A and E was also seen (4%). There was no mortality.

Conclusion: It is very important to create awareness regarding preventive measures such as hygienic food practices, improved sanitation, and increased rates of vaccination for the prevention of viral hepatitis.

Key words: Children; Viral Hepatitis; Profile


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Patel MB, Sivanandan S, Prajapati BS. Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(2): 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024


Web Style

Patel MB, Sivanandan S, Prajapati BS. Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=179813 [Access: January 31, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patel MB, Sivanandan S, Prajapati BS. Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(2): 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patel MB, Sivanandan S, Prajapati BS. Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2024), [cited January 31, 2024]; 14(2): 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024



Harvard Style

Patel, M. B., Sivanandan, . S. & Prajapati, . B. S. (2024) Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 14 (2), 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024



Turabian Style

Patel, Manan B, Sheena Sivanandan, and Baldev S Prajapati. 2024. Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (2), 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024



Chicago Style

Patel, Manan B, Sheena Sivanandan, and Baldev S Prajapati. "Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14 (2024), 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patel, Manan B, Sheena Sivanandan, and Baldev S Prajapati. "Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14.2 (2024), 390-394. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patel, M. B., Sivanandan, . S. & Prajapati, . B. S. (2024) Study of profile of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized children at a tertiary care center in Gujarat. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (2), 390-394. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.12554202308012024