E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India

Ratul Paul, Monalisa Dhuya, Arunima Datta, Ayan Pal.

Abstract
Background: Self-medication is defined as use of medicines without a doctor’s prescription and is frequently practiced among students in medical and nursing colleges. The purpose of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication between 2nd year medical and nursing students in a government medical college of West Bengal, India.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among 2nd year medical students and nursing students and to compare their differences if any.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, observational, and questionnaire based study conducted between two groups of students, medical, and nursing, who were interviewed with a prevalidated questionnaire. Demographic data and questions regarding knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication were included. Details and purpose of the study were explained to the students. The collected data were analyzed statistically and the comparison between the two groups was done.

Results: A total of 260 students were interviewed, of whom 231 participants were selected involving 172 medical students and 59 nursing students. Although 89% of the students have practiced self-medication within the past 1 year, only 61% students agreed recommending self-treatment to others. Accordingly, there were significant differences among the two groups in terms of source of information, preference, frequency of practice, disadvantages, and drugs/drug groups taken for self-medication.

Conclusion: Self-medication is a common form of health care with potential benefits and hazards. Our study suggests self-medication being employed more commonly by medical students than their nursing counterparts. Hence, it is very important to increase the awareness about the pros and cons of self-medication for both medical and nursing students to improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice and eventually to increase the awareness in the society.

Key words: Self-Medication; Medical Students; Nursing Students; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Paul R, Dhuya M, Datta A, Pal A. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(5): 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023


Web Style

Paul R, Dhuya M, Datta A, Pal A. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=146798 [Access: February 01, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Paul R, Dhuya M, Datta A, Pal A. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(5): 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Paul R, Dhuya M, Datta A, Pal A. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2024]; 13(5): 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023



Harvard Style

Paul, R., Dhuya, . M., Datta, . A. & Pal, . A. (2023) A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (5), 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023



Turabian Style

Paul, Ratul, Monalisa Dhuya, Arunima Datta, and Ayan Pal. 2023. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (5), 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023



Chicago Style

Paul, Ratul, Monalisa Dhuya, Arunima Datta, and Ayan Pal. "A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Paul, Ratul, Monalisa Dhuya, Arunima Datta, and Ayan Pal. "A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.5 (2023), 1126-1132. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Paul, R., Dhuya, . M., Datta, . A. & Pal, . A. (2023) A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and nursing students in a government medical college of Eastern India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (5), 1126-1132. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03139202326032023