E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses

Mahesh Namdeo Belhekar, Shakeeb S Dhorajiwala.

Abstract
Background: Nurses play a key role in patientsÂ’ healthcare and drug administration. They are primary source of possible adverse drug reaction (ADR) alerts to clinician. At present, we have little data about awareness of pharmacovigilance (PhV) among nurses in India.

Aim and Objective: Aim and objective of the study is to evaluate impact of educational interventions (EIs) on knowledge, attitude, and practice of hospital staff nurses working in medical and surgical wards.

Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective comparative study in two groups (EI and non-EI) among staff nurses working in medical and surgical wards of a tertiary care teaching hospital. One group of nurses working in medical wards were provided with various EIs while in non-EI group of nurses working in surgical wards no EI was provided. Respondents were asked to fill a pre-test questionnaire followed by interactive EIs in EI group and post-test questionnaire in both groups. Impact of EI among respondents was evaluated by correctness of response to questionnaire.

Results: A total of (n = 200) respondents were enrolled in study. Number of staff nurses in each (EI and non-EI) group were (n = 100 [50%]). Overall, (n = 100 [50%]) were from the medical and (n = 100 [50%]) from surgical specialty. Post-EI period there was statistically significant improvement in knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) domains.

Conclusion: Our study serves as reliable evidence that through EI; statistically significant improvement in KAP of staff nurses toward ADR reporting and PhV system can be achieved. This indicates that creating more awareness among healthcare professionals through EIs will help in promoting ADR reporting and this will improve the PhV system in India.

Key words: Adverse Drug Reaction; Educational Interventions; Health Care Professionals; Knowledge; Attitude and Practice, Questionnaire


 
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Pubmed Style

Belhekar MN, Dhorajiwala SS. A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021


Web Style

Belhekar MN, Dhorajiwala SS. A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=139643 [Access: August 03, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Belhekar MN, Dhorajiwala SS. A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Belhekar MN, Dhorajiwala SS. A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited August 03, 2022]; 12(8): 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021



Harvard Style

Belhekar, M. N. & Dhorajiwala, . S. S. (2022) A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (8), 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021



Turabian Style

Belhekar, Mahesh Namdeo, and Shakeeb S Dhorajiwala. 2022. A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021



Chicago Style

Belhekar, Mahesh Namdeo, and Shakeeb S Dhorajiwala. "A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Belhekar, Mahesh Namdeo, and Shakeeb S Dhorajiwala. "A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.8 (2022), 1164-1170. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Belhekar, M. N. & Dhorajiwala, . S. S. (2022) A prospective comparative study to evaluate the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, attitude, and practice about pharmacovigilance among nurses. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1164-1170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12469202130122021