E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases

Kuldip Kumar, Aashish Sharma, Jaspinder Pratap Singh, Sunny Basra, Jatinder Pal Singh.

Abstract
Background: Fabricated injuries also known as forged or factitious injuries are those injuries which are produced by a person on his own body, known as self-inflicted injuries or caused by another person acting in agreement with him known as self-suffered injuries.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to study pattern of fabricated injuries in medico-legal assault cases in a tertiary care teaching hospital.

Materials and Methods: The present study of 500 medicolegal cases of mechanical injuries due to assault was conducted of those patients, who were admitted to Emergency Department of Guru Nanak Dev Hospital attached to Government Medical College, Amritsar after taking permission from the Ethics Committee of the college. Demographic and injury details both clinically as well as radiologically were recorded with special concern about whether these were fabricated or not.

Results: In this study, the incidence of fabricated injuries was 12.6% and it was observed that majority (92.1%) of medicolegal cases with fabricated/forged injuries were males. The most common type of mechanical injury among self-inflicted fabricated medicolegal cases was incised wounds (61.7%). Furthermore, the majority of the fabricated injuries were grievous in nature (87.2%) with the most common radiological finding associated was cortical cut fractures in (72.9%) cases.

Conclusion: Combined efforts of all the law enforcing agencies and medical professionals can help in prevention of fabrication of injuries and will help further in avoiding unnecessary harassment to the innocent person thus reducing burden of fake criminal cases in police/judiciary department and hospitals.

Key words: Medicolegal Cases; Assault, Fabricated Injuries; Cortical Cut Fracture; Grievous Hurt; Incised Wound


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kumar K, Sharma A, Singh JP, Basra S, Singh JP. Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(9): 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021


Web Style

Kumar K, Sharma A, Singh JP, Basra S, Singh JP. Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=99300 [Access: September 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kumar K, Sharma A, Singh JP, Basra S, Singh JP. Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(9): 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kumar K, Sharma A, Singh JP, Basra S, Singh JP. Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited September 01, 2021]; 11(9): 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021



Harvard Style

Kumar, K., Sharma, . A., Singh, . J. P., Basra, . S. & Singh, . J. P. (2021) Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (9), 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021



Turabian Style

Kumar, Kuldip, Aashish Sharma, Jaspinder Pratap Singh, Sunny Basra, and Jatinder Pal Singh. 2021. Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (9), 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021



Chicago Style

Kumar, Kuldip, Aashish Sharma, Jaspinder Pratap Singh, Sunny Basra, and Jatinder Pal Singh. "Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kumar, Kuldip, Aashish Sharma, Jaspinder Pratap Singh, Sunny Basra, and Jatinder Pal Singh. "Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.9 (2021), 1022-1026. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kumar, K., Sharma, . A., Singh, . J. P., Basra, . S. & Singh, . J. P. (2021) Pattern of fabricated injuries in medicolegal assault cases. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (9), 1022-1026. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07250202124072021