E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital

Shailander Singh, Lokesh Patil, Syeda Ayesha Nishat.

Abstract
Background: There are multiple protocols currently being followed worldwide for effective management of COVID-19 depending on the disease severity as a consequence, of which the prescribing patterns and therapeutic choices still remain unclear. Drug utilization studies provide insight into the current prescribing practices and help us in facilitating the rational use of drugs.

Aim and Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate utilization pattern of medications used to treat COVID-19 in hospitalized patients with moderate disease as defined by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) guidelines.

Materials and Methods: Hospital-based prospective, observational, and cross-sectional study was conducted in Designated COVID Hospital, Bidar Institute of Medical Sciences, Bidar for 4 months from March 1, 2021, to June 31, 2021. Data were collected from patients, every 10th inpatient was randomly selected. Rationality of prescriptions was evaluated using the WHO core drug prescribing indicators. A total of 234 hospitalized patients aged more than 18 years with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 of moderate severity according to ICMR guidelines were included in the study.

Results: In our study, we found average number of drugs per encounter as 7.29. Percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name as 89.05%. Percentage of encounters with antibiotic as 96.58%. Percentage of encounters with an injection prescribed as 100%. Percentage of drugs prescribed from essential drug list as 83.25%.

Conclusion: Drug utilization in COVID-19 is diverse and is in accordance with the existing guidelines. Medications used are highly corresponding to the disease severity. Polypharmacy detected, here, is not irrational as it suppressed the COVID-related mortality. Steroids, anticoagulants and oxygen being the key determinants.

Key words: COVID-19 Therapy, Comorbidities, Prescription Pattern, Polypharmacy, WHO Core Prescribing Indicators


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Shailander Singh
Articles by Lokesh Patil
Articles by Syeda Ayesha Nishat
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Singh S, Patil L, Nishat SA. A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(11): 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022


Web Style

Singh S, Patil L, Nishat SA. A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=97671 [Access: November 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Singh S, Patil L, Nishat SA. A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(11): 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Singh S, Patil L, Nishat SA. A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited November 24, 2022]; 12(11): 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022



Harvard Style

Singh, S., Patil, . L. & Nishat, . S. A. (2022) A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (11), 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022



Turabian Style

Singh, Shailander, Lokesh Patil, and Syeda Ayesha Nishat. 2022. A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (11), 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022



Chicago Style

Singh, Shailander, Lokesh Patil, and Syeda Ayesha Nishat. "A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Singh, Shailander, Lokesh Patil, and Syeda Ayesha Nishat. "A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.11 (2022), 1816-1820. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Singh, S., Patil, . L. & Nishat, . S. A. (2022) A prospective cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of COVID-19 in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (11), 1816-1820. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03105202212032022