E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Archana Chauhan, Arun Chauhan, Randeep Mann, Tulika Shrivastava Madaik.

Abstract
Background: Students learn passively in the lecture format and rely on teachers for knowledge acquisition, making it unsuitable for achieving the higher levels of knowledge. Jigsaw learning encourages collaboration between learners for a deeper understanding of the subject and the facilitator role is relatively limited.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to: 1. Determine the effectiveness of the jigsaw method versus traditional lecture methods for the teaching of Attitude, communication, and ethics (AETCOM) in Phase I MBBS students. 2. To assess the perception of students toward the jigsaw method.

Material and Methods: This quasi-experimental study included 104 Phase I MBBS students, who were assigned to the jigsaw group and traditional lecture group. As part of the jigsaw method, 10 parent groups and five expert groups were formed to encourage peer group learning. Validated pre-tests, post-tests, and questionnaires were used in the evaluation.

Results: On post-test, both groups scored significantly higher than pre-test, but the scores on pre-test did not differ between them. Post-test scores of the jigsaw group were significantly higher than those of the traditional method group. Jigsaw was rated positively by students for enhancing peer interaction (91%), deeper learning of the subject (90%), and communication skills (89%).

Conclusion: The jigsaw method is more effective than the traditional method for the teaching of the AETCOM module to medical undergraduates. It can be used as a helpful tool for teaching communication skills and teamwork by utilizing cooperative learning strategies.

Key words: Jigsaw; Co-operative Learning; Attitude, Communication, and Ethics; Traditional Lecture


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chauhan A, Chauhan A, Mann R, Madaik TS. Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(11): 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022


Web Style

Chauhan A, Chauhan A, Mann R, Madaik TS. Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=95751 [Access: November 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chauhan A, Chauhan A, Mann R, Madaik TS. Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(11): 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chauhan A, Chauhan A, Mann R, Madaik TS. Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited November 24, 2022]; 12(11): 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022



Harvard Style

Chauhan, A., Chauhan, . A., Mann, . R. & Madaik, . T. S. (2022) Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (11), 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022



Turabian Style

Chauhan, Archana, Arun Chauhan, Randeep Mann, and Tulika Shrivastava Madaik. 2022. Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (11), 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022



Chicago Style

Chauhan, Archana, Arun Chauhan, Randeep Mann, and Tulika Shrivastava Madaik. "Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chauhan, Archana, Arun Chauhan, Randeep Mann, and Tulika Shrivastava Madaik. "Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.11 (2022), 1785-1791. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chauhan, A., Chauhan, . A., Mann, . R. & Madaik, . T. S. (2022) Doctor-patient relationship: Effectiveness of the “Jigsaw” method of teaching among Phase I MBBS students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (11), 1785-1791. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03098202207032022