E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception

Anandkumar A Kanasagara, Yagnik P Tank, Parth S Bhatt, Alpeshkumar M Maru.

Abstract
Background: In pathology, students are assessed by both theory as well as practical examination, but we have more upper hand and regularity in conducting theory assessment over practical evaluation. We have put newer case-based practical examination (CBPE) module over traditional one to achieve better practical approach which consists of case scenario pertaining to hematology and urine exercise followed by its interpretation without performing procedure.

Aim and Objectives: The objective of this study were to develop and implement this new method of CBPE as a formative assessment tool for undergraduate 2nd year medical students.

Materials and Methods: We have included MBBS undergraduate students of 4th semester by dividing students into two groups. Each group consists of 25 students. Group 1 was exposed to CBPE of hematology and urine exercises, while Group 2 was exposed to conventional method of hematology and urine exercises. Evaluation form was given to each student at the end of session to know their perception and opinion regarding this newer form of practical examination.

Results: Mean marks scored in Group 1(CBPE) were 28 and in Group 2 (conventional) were 20.32 out of 40 marks. We had used unpaired t-test to calculate significance with P value which was found to be 0.0012. Feedback was based on five-point Likert scale. Most of the faculty members and students gave positive opinion for case-based pattern.

Conclusion: CBPE can be used as alternative to conventional practical examination for formative assessment with improvement in performance of students.

Key words: Competency Based Medical Education; Miller’s Pyramid; Likert Scale; Hematology


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kanasagara AA, Tank YP, Bhatt PS, Maru AM. Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022


Web Style

Kanasagara AA, Tank YP, Bhatt PS, Maru AM. Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=75941 [Access: December 07, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kanasagara AA, Tank YP, Bhatt PS, Maru AM. Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kanasagara AA, Tank YP, Bhatt PS, Maru AM. Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 07, 2022]; 12(8): 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022



Harvard Style

Kanasagara, A. A., Tank, . Y. P., Bhatt, . P. S. & Maru, . A. M. (2022) Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (8), 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022



Turabian Style

Kanasagara, Anandkumar A, Yagnik P Tank, Parth S Bhatt, and Alpeshkumar M Maru. 2022. Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022



Chicago Style

Kanasagara, Anandkumar A, Yagnik P Tank, Parth S Bhatt, and Alpeshkumar M Maru. "Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kanasagara, Anandkumar A, Yagnik P Tank, Parth S Bhatt, and Alpeshkumar M Maru. "Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.8 (2022), 1291-1295. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kanasagara, A. A., Tank, . Y. P., Bhatt, . P. S. & Maru, . A. M. (2022) Case-based practical examination as an introduction to formative assessment in pathology: Undergraduate student’s perception. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1291-1295. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.073322022099072022