E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control

Afshan Zainab Hasan, Preethi B L, Pramila Kalra, Arun Kumar M.

Abstract
Background: The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications pose a challenge to healthcare systems today, with a paucity of research examining the impact of T2DM on gustatory functions, especially in India.

Aim and Objective: The objective of this study was to assess gustatory function in T2DM patients with good glycemic control and a disease duration ≤5 years and compare it with the findings in normal individuals.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample size of 40, including patients and controls, aged 25–50 years. The Institute’s Ethics Committee clearance was taken, and written informed consent was obtained from the subjects. The evaluation of gustatory function was done using the triple drop test. Different concentrations of tastants were presented to the subjects. Scoring was done on the identification of increasing concentrations from “5” to “1.”

Results: Taste scores for sweet, salty, sour, and bitter tastants were lesser in diabetic patients. This was statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Taste impairment seems to affect diabetic patients relative to healthy controls. This could be an indication of central diabetic neuropathy. Hypogeusia in type 2 diabetic patients may influence the choice of nutrients such as an increased preference for sweet-tasting or salty foods, thus imposing health risks and affecting the quality of life.

Key words: Central diabetic neuropathy; Gustatory function; Hypogeusia; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Quality of life


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hasan AZ, L PB, Kalra P, M AK. A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022


Web Style

Hasan AZ, L PB, Kalra P, M AK. A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=694 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hasan AZ, L PB, Kalra P, M AK. A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hasan AZ, L PB, Kalra P, M AK. A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022



Harvard Style

Hasan, A. Z., L, . P. B., Kalra, . P. & M, . A. K. (2022) A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022



Turabian Style

Hasan, Afshan Zainab, Preethi B L, Pramila Kalra, and Arun Kumar M. 2022. A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022



Chicago Style

Hasan, Afshan Zainab, Preethi B L, Pramila Kalra, and Arun Kumar M. "A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hasan, Afshan Zainab, Preethi B L, Pramila Kalra, and Arun Kumar M. "A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2000-2002. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hasan, A. Z., L, . P. B., Kalra, . P. & M, . A. K. (2022) A study of taste alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a good glycemic control. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2000-2002. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04160202204042022