E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study

Shree Kumar Chinmayananda Mishra, Rabinarayan Rout, Lopamudra Mandal, Priyaranjan Barik, Sanjukta Dixit.

Abstract
Background: Empathy is a capability of a person to observe a subject and recognize and briefly feels the subject’s emotional state based on visual and aural inputs. Empathy is an important quality for doctors as they are involved in patient care.

Aims and Objectives: We aimed to assess the level of empathy in a sample of students studying MBBS and compare the empathy according to gender.

Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional observational study carried out by an online survey. Medical students of our college were invited to participate in this survey. We collected data from up to 50 males and 50 females for a comparative test. The eight-item form of the empathy quotient-8 was used to assess the level of empathy among students. Scores between male and female students were compared by unpaired t-test.

Result: A total of 50 males and 50 females participated in this study. Their mean age was 20.12 ± 2.14 years. One-sample t-test showed that overall students have more than average level of empathy. The gender-wise comparison showed that there was no difference in empathy between male and female students.

Conclusion: From this study, we can conclude that medical students have more than average level of empathy and there is no gender difference in the level of empathy. However, this was an experience from a single institution. Further studies may be conducted to ascertain the level and comparative level of empathy between males and females with a large sample taken from different Indian states.

Key words: Empathy; Male; Female; Medical Students; Patient Care


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mishra SKC, Rout R, Mandal L, Barik P, Dixit S. Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022


Web Style

Mishra SKC, Rout R, Mandal L, Barik P, Dixit S. Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=61473 [Access: September 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mishra SKC, Rout R, Mandal L, Barik P, Dixit S. Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mishra SKC, Rout R, Mandal L, Barik P, Dixit S. Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited September 01, 2022]; 12(9): 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022



Harvard Style

Mishra, S. K. C., Rout, . R., Mandal, . L., Barik, . P. & Dixit, . S. (2022) Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (9), 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022



Turabian Style

Mishra, Shree Kumar Chinmayananda, Rabinarayan Rout, Lopamudra Mandal, Priyaranjan Barik, and Sanjukta Dixit. 2022. Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022



Chicago Style

Mishra, Shree Kumar Chinmayananda, Rabinarayan Rout, Lopamudra Mandal, Priyaranjan Barik, and Sanjukta Dixit. "Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mishra, Shree Kumar Chinmayananda, Rabinarayan Rout, Lopamudra Mandal, Priyaranjan Barik, and Sanjukta Dixit. "Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.9 (2022), 1421-1424. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mishra, S. K. C., Rout, . R., Mandal, . L., Barik, . P. & Dixit, . S. (2022) Comparative empathy in male and female medical students: A cross-sectional, online, and survey-based study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1421-1424. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07343202215072022