E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region

Swati Mittal, Smriti Sinha.

Abstract
Background: The second largest populous country India underwent a complete lockdown to curb the rampant spread and to prepare the health sector of our country to face the coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 pandemic. The curtailed access to family, friends, and other social support systems caused loneliness and mental issues such as anxiety and depression.

Aim and Objectives: The present study was taken to find the impact of social lockdown on the psychological and mental health of the participants and to find out the differences between different sex, age groups, and occupations.

Materials and Methods: An online cross-sectional study was administered to 1047 participants in the age group of 1670 years through Google forms to assess the psychological and mental status of the residents of Delhi-NCR, India. The psychological status was judged by IES(R), while mental health status was checked by Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21).

Results: The mean age of the participants was 48.29 26.16 years. About 75.4% of participants had a moderate psychological impact of the lockdown as calculated by the IES(R) scale. DASS-21 scale revealed that the participants suffered from mild to moderate depression, anxiety and stress. Females had higher IES(R) but males scored higher DASS-21 scores. Healthcare workers along with the auxiliary staff suffered maximal mental agony.

Conclusion: In the post-COVID-19 days, all efforts should be directed to minimize the toxic emotional and psychological impact of social lockdown by having tele psychological counseling programs with special emphasis to older age groups and medical fraternity.

Key words: Impact of Event Scale-revised; Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21; Coronavirus disease-19


 
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Pubmed Style

Mittal S, Sinha S. Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(9): 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021


Web Style

Mittal S, Sinha S. Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=55884 [Access: September 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mittal S, Sinha S. Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(9): 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mittal S, Sinha S. Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited September 01, 2021]; 11(9): 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021



Harvard Style

Mittal, S. & Sinha, . S. (2021) Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (9), 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021



Turabian Style

Mittal, Swati, and Smriti Sinha. 2021. Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (9), 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021



Chicago Style

Mittal, Swati, and Smriti Sinha. "Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mittal, Swati, and Smriti Sinha. "Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.9 (2021), 964-970. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mittal, S. & Sinha, . S. (2021) Impact of coronavirus disease-19 lockdown on psychological and mental health status among residents of Delhi-National Capital Region. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (9), 964-970. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.02057202109042021