E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Dimple Sahni, Amandeep Kaur, Sanjeev Bhagat, Parvinder Singh, Rajwant Kaur, Deeksha Bharadwaj.

Abstract
Background: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo. Vitamin D3 is an indispensable part of bone mineralization and calcium homeostasis. Vitamin D3 also plays a role in BPPV and therefore may offer a therapeutic option.

Aim and Objective: This study aims to evaluate the relationship of BPPV with Vitamin D deficiency.

Materials and Methods: This observational case–control study was done on 80 subjects out of which 40 were confirmed cases of BPPV patients and 40 were controls. Ear, throat, and nose were examined in all patients. Measurement of Vitamin D3 was done in all subjects. Assessment of quality of life was done using Dizziness Handicap Inventory score (DHI) and Visual Vertigo Analog Scale (VVAS).

Results: In our study among cases, 14 patients (35%) had normal Vitamin D levels, Vitamin D deficiency was seen in 15 cases (37.5%) and 11 patients (27.5%) had Vitamin D insufficiency. In control group, 22 patients (55%) had normal Vitamin D levels and 9 patients (22.5%) each had Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency. Mean of Vitamin D concentration in the case group was 23.78 ± 10.43 and in the control group had 35.99 ± 15.99. The relationship between the two groups was significant (P = 0.001). The mean of body mass index in case and control group was 22.46 ± 2.48 and 23.43 ± 2.38, respectively, with P-value of 0.032 indicating significant relationship statistically. Furthermore, VVAS and DHI scores were higher in cases with deficiency and insufficiency of Vitamin D.

Conclusion: The present study shows a significant relationship of reduced concentration of Vitamin D with idiopathic BPPV.

Key words: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo; Vitamin D; Visual Vertigo Analogue Scale; Dizziness Handicap Inventory Score; Posterior Semicircular Canal


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sahni D, Kaur A, Bhagat S, Singh P, Kaur R, Bharadwaj D. Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001


Web Style

Sahni D, Kaur A, Bhagat S, Singh P, Kaur R, Bharadwaj D. Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=5339 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sahni D, Kaur A, Bhagat S, Singh P, Kaur R, Bharadwaj D. Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sahni D, Kaur A, Bhagat S, Singh P, Kaur R, Bharadwaj D. Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001



Harvard Style

Sahni, D., Kaur, . A., Bhagat, . S., Singh, . P., Kaur, . R. & Bharadwaj, . D. (2022) Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001



Turabian Style

Sahni, Dimple, Amandeep Kaur, Sanjeev Bhagat, Parvinder Singh, Rajwant Kaur, and Deeksha Bharadwaj. 2022. Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001



Chicago Style

Sahni, Dimple, Amandeep Kaur, Sanjeev Bhagat, Parvinder Singh, Rajwant Kaur, and Deeksha Bharadwaj. "Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sahni, Dimple, Amandeep Kaur, Sanjeev Bhagat, Parvinder Singh, Rajwant Kaur, and Deeksha Bharadwaj. "Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2011-2016. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sahni, D., Kaur, . A., Bhagat, . S., Singh, . P., Kaur, . R. & Bharadwaj, . D. (2022) Correlation between vitamin D deficiency and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2011-2016. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03148202204042001