E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients

Rupesh Panjabrao Dahilkar, Vijay B Havaldar, Padmaja Rajey Desai.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the major health issues in the world. Its microvascular complications contribute to ocular complications including increased intraocular pressure (IOP) which is a risk factor of glaucoma. Identification of factors responsible for glaucoma is a mainstay in the early detection and prevention of blindness.

Aim and Objectives: The objective of the study was to compare IOP among diabetic and non-diabetic patients and to assess the correlation between age and IOP.

Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was performed on 104 participants after obtaining ethical committee approval. Patients were divided into two groups based on diabetes (case, n = 52) and non-diabetes (control, n = 52). The detailed history and routine clinical investigations were performed. Three consecutive readings of IOP of the left and right eye were recorded separately using Goldmann applanation tonometer. Wilcox sign-rank test and Spearman-correlation test was used to find the difference between the IOP and correlation between age and IOP, respectively.

Results: A significantly higher IOP was observed in diabetic patients than non-diabetic patients. (0.0001). There was no sex difference in IOP was observed in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Age of the patient was not correlated with IOP (r = 0.02197219, P = 0.824).

Conclusion: Diabetic patients are prone to higher IOP; therefore, diabetic patients should be regularly assessed for IOP for diagnosis glaucoma.

Key words: Blindness; Diabetes Mellitus; Glaucoma; Intraocular Pressure; Open-angle Glaucoma


 
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Pubmed Style

Dahilkar RP, Havaldar VB, Desai PR. A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(8): 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021


Web Style

Dahilkar RP, Havaldar VB, Desai PR. A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=52957 [Access: October 02, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dahilkar RP, Havaldar VB, Desai PR. A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(8): 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dahilkar RP, Havaldar VB, Desai PR. A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 02, 2021]; 11(8): 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021



Harvard Style

Dahilkar, R. P., Havaldar, . V. B. & Desai, . P. R. (2021) A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (8), 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021



Turabian Style

Dahilkar, Rupesh Panjabrao, Vijay B Havaldar, and Padmaja Rajey Desai. 2021. A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (8), 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021



Chicago Style

Dahilkar, Rupesh Panjabrao, Vijay B Havaldar, and Padmaja Rajey Desai. "A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dahilkar, Rupesh Panjabrao, Vijay B Havaldar, and Padmaja Rajey Desai. "A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.8 (2021), 868-871. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dahilkar, R. P., Havaldar, . V. B. & Desai, . P. R. (2021) A comparative study on the intraocular pressure among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (8), 868-871. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.03086202120032021