E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study

Nagalakshmi Vijaykumar, Vivek P, Sanjivani Jadhav, Basavaraju K, Suresh Badiger.

Abstract
Background: Increased cardiovascular mortality in young adult due to overweight and obesity.

Aim and Objective: This study aims to assess the association of body fat and lean body mass on maximal oxygen consumption (cardiorespiratory fitness) in young adults of 18–20 years.

Materials and Methods: Sixty-six (n = 66) young adults in the age group of 18–20 of both the genders were included in the study. Total body weight was measured using weighing scale and height was measured using stadiometer. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using formula weight (kg)/height (mt2). Body fat was measured using skinfold thickness with the help of calipers using Durnin-Womersley equation. Lean body mass was calculated by subtracting total body weight with body fat mass. Maximal oxygen consumption was calculated using indirect method Rockport 1 mile walk test. Pearson’s correlation matrix was used to assess the correlation between the variables.

Results: The study shows that there exists a strong negative correlation between body fat and BMI with maximal oxygen consumption (r = –0.443: P = 0.00**) (r= −0.548: P = 0.00*).

Conclusion: Increase in BMI, especially because of increased body fat, leads to reduced maximal oxygen consumption (cardiorespiratory fitness) in young adults.

Key words: Cardiorespiratory Fitness; Submaximal Exercise; Skinfold Thickness


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Vijaykumar N, P V, Jadhav S, K B, Badiger S. Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(7): 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021


Web Style

Vijaykumar N, P V, Jadhav S, K B, Badiger S. Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=50201 [Access: July 02, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vijaykumar N, P V, Jadhav S, K B, Badiger S. Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(7): 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vijaykumar N, P V, Jadhav S, K B, Badiger S. Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited July 02, 2021]; 11(7): 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021



Harvard Style

Vijaykumar, N., P, . V., Jadhav, . S., K, . B. & Badiger, . S. (2021) Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (7), 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021



Turabian Style

Vijaykumar, Nagalakshmi, Vivek P, Sanjivani Jadhav, Basavaraju K, and Suresh Badiger. 2021. Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (7), 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021



Chicago Style

Vijaykumar, Nagalakshmi, Vivek P, Sanjivani Jadhav, Basavaraju K, and Suresh Badiger. "Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vijaykumar, Nagalakshmi, Vivek P, Sanjivani Jadhav, Basavaraju K, and Suresh Badiger. "Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.7 (2021), 683-687. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vijaykumar, N., P, . V., Jadhav, . S., K, . B. & Badiger, . S. (2021) Influence of body fat, lean body mass, and body mass index levels on maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal exercise in young adults: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (7), 683-687. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01042202108022021