E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study

Shweta Maheshkumar Parikh, Jigar Nayankumar Mehta, Mahima Thakkar, Namita Thakkar, Mayuri Gauswami.

Abstract
Background: The least attention is given to the real heroes of the hospital is the Class 4 workers are associated with a lot of duties of lifting and transferring patients and are at risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs).

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to find the prevalence of WMSDs in 9 body regions among Class 4 workers of tertiary care hospitals and ergonomics assessment of their exposure to risk factors for the development of WMSDs.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 148 Class 4 workers (male: 99; female: 49 Age: >23 years) from tertiary care hospitals. A structured questionnaire comprises demographic questions, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire-Extended for WMSDs assessment in nine body parts and quick exposure check (QEC) method for ergonomic assessment, and new job stress scale for assessing job-related stress. The prevalence of WMSDs for each body region was determined.

Results: Respondents’ mean age was 31.3 years (SD = 9). Point prevalence for WMSDs was high in regions like the lower back (43.8%), followed by the knee (40.8%), and shoulder (34.4%). Among 49 female respondents, 25 reported lower back pain (51%), and 20 reported neck pain (41.6%). Among 99 male respondents, 25 reported lower back pain (25.5%) while 22 reported knee pain (22.2%). QEC assessment showed that level of exposure to WMSDs risk was high among 50% of the study population.

Conclusion: The lower back and knee were the most affected areas among Class 4 workers. Moreover, QEC findings warned the level of exposure to WMSDs risks is high.

Key words: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders; Class 4 Workers; Ergonomics; Extended Nordic Questionnaire; Quick Exposure Check; New Job Stress


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Parikh SM, Mehta JN, Thakkar M, Thakkar N, Gauswami M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022


Web Style

Parikh SM, Mehta JN, Thakkar M, Thakkar N, Gauswami M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=4479 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Parikh SM, Mehta JN, Thakkar M, Thakkar N, Gauswami M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Parikh SM, Mehta JN, Thakkar M, Thakkar N, Gauswami M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022



Harvard Style

Parikh, S. M., Mehta, . J. N., Thakkar, . M., Thakkar, . N. & Gauswami, . M. (2022) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022



Turabian Style

Parikh, Shweta Maheshkumar, Jigar Nayankumar Mehta, Mahima Thakkar, Namita Thakkar, and Mayuri Gauswami. 2022. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022



Chicago Style

Parikh, Shweta Maheshkumar, Jigar Nayankumar Mehta, Mahima Thakkar, Namita Thakkar, and Mayuri Gauswami. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Parikh, Shweta Maheshkumar, Jigar Nayankumar Mehta, Mahima Thakkar, Namita Thakkar, and Mayuri Gauswami. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2131-2137. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Parikh, S. M., Mehta, . J. N., Thakkar, . M., Thakkar, . N. & Gauswami, . M. (2022) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its risk factors among Class 4 workers of rural tertiary health-care hospitals in Western India: A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2131-2137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03144202212052022