E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities

Manohar Lal Sharma, Mohan Lal, Jasleen Kaur, Harpreet Kaur, Richa Verma.

Abstract
Background: Women’s involvement in decision-making in household matters and reproductive activities like contraception has a significant impact on their health and life. Women contribute many duties and responsibilities of the family but are not equally empowered in decision-making due to patriarchal structures.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to study the involvement of married women in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional type of study conducted from January 2019 to December 2019 in the rural field practice area of Government Medical College, Amritsar. A list of all households with women of reproductive age (15–44 years) in the village was prepared by numbering them. A sample of 145 women was drawn by systematic randomization according to proportion in Census 2011. One hundred and thirty married women were interviewed for household/reproductive activities after taking an informed written consent. Data were collected on a semi-structured, pre-designed questionnaire by interviewing the respondents.

Results: About 32.1% of women were illiterate. About 21.4% of women were working. About 79.2% of women participated in decision-making concerning important household matters. In majority of women (76.5%), decision of continuing/aborting an unplanned pregnancy was taken jointly. Women’s educational status is significantly related to the number of children they have.

Conclusion: The present study concludes that women are less involved in household and even in activities for their personal life, hence need empowerment.

Key words: Decision-Making, Household, Reproductive Activities


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Kaur J, Kaur H, Verma R. Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(3): 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021


Web Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Kaur J, Kaur H, Verma R. Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=42030 [Access: February 02, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Kaur J, Kaur H, Verma R. Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(3): 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Kaur J, Kaur H, Verma R. Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited February 02, 2024]; 11(3): 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021



Harvard Style

Sharma, M. L., Lal, . M., Kaur, . J., Kaur, . H. & Verma, . R. (2021) Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (3), 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021



Turabian Style

Sharma, Manohar Lal, Mohan Lal, Jasleen Kaur, Harpreet Kaur, and Richa Verma. 2021. Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (3), 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021



Chicago Style

Sharma, Manohar Lal, Mohan Lal, Jasleen Kaur, Harpreet Kaur, and Richa Verma. "Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Manohar Lal, Mohan Lal, Jasleen Kaur, Harpreet Kaur, and Richa Verma. "Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.3 (2021), 326-330. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, M. L., Lal, . M., Kaur, . J., Kaur, . H. & Verma, . R. (2021) Involvement of married women less than 45 years of age in decision-making regarding household and reproductive activities. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (3), 326-330. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01014202123012021