E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India

Mahesh Namdeo Belhekar, Tejal C Patel, Prasad R Pandit, Kiran A Bhave, Priyansh P Nathani, Meena Makhecha.

Abstract
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common dermatological disease affecting 85% of adolescents across the globe with 40% having persistent acne well into their twenties. Acne and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation often negatively impact self-perception, social interactions, and affect quality of life scores in adolescents.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne to find out the current prescribing practices relating to comprehensive care being provided at a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional and observational study conducted after getting approval of Institutional Ethics Committee on 135 patients of either sex and age more than 12 and ≤40 years diagnosed with acne.

Results: Data of 135 prescriptions of acne patients were analyzed. Most patients presented with Grade 2 (n = 56; 41.5%) acne followed by Grade 3 acne (n = 40; 29.6%) patients. The average numbers of drugs per prescription was 3.87. Out of 522 drugs prescribed, 436 (83.5%) were topical and 86 (16.5%) were oral formulations. Among topical formulations, most frequently prescribed drug was tretinoin prescribed to 92 (68.1%) patients whereas, doxycycline was the most preferred oral antibiotic prescribed to 66 (48.9%) patients.

Conclusion: The study revealed that drugs prescribed were found to be in accordance with the treatment guidelines proposed by Indian dermatologists and American Academy of Dermatology.

Key words: Acne vulgaris; Adolescents; Prescription Pattern; Tretinoin


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mahesh Namdeo Belhekar
Articles by Tejal C Patel
Articles by Prasad R Pandit
Articles by Kiran A Bhave
Articles by Priyansh P Nathani
Articles by Meena Makhecha
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Belhekar MN, Patel TC, Pandit PR, Bhave KA, Nathani PP, Makhecha M. A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022


Web Style

Belhekar MN, Patel TC, Pandit PR, Bhave KA, Nathani PP, Makhecha M. A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=41059 [Access: February 01, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Belhekar MN, Patel TC, Pandit PR, Bhave KA, Nathani PP, Makhecha M. A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Belhekar MN, Patel TC, Pandit PR, Bhave KA, Nathani PP, Makhecha M. A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2023]; 13(1): 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022



Harvard Style

Belhekar, M. N., Patel, . T. C., Pandit, . P. R., Bhave, . K. A., Nathani, . P. P. & Makhecha, . M. (2023) A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (1), 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022



Turabian Style

Belhekar, Mahesh Namdeo, Tejal C Patel, Prasad R Pandit, Kiran A Bhave, Priyansh P Nathani, and Meena Makhecha. 2023. A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022



Chicago Style

Belhekar, Mahesh Namdeo, Tejal C Patel, Prasad R Pandit, Kiran A Bhave, Priyansh P Nathani, and Meena Makhecha. "A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Belhekar, Mahesh Namdeo, Tejal C Patel, Prasad R Pandit, Kiran A Bhave, Priyansh P Nathani, and Meena Makhecha. "A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.1 (2023), 32-36. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Belhekar, M. N., Patel, . T. C., Pandit, . P. R., Bhave, . K. A., Nathani, . P. P. & Makhecha, . M. (2023) A cross-sectional study of prescription pattern of drugs used in the treatment of acne vulgaris at a tertiary care hospital in India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 32-36. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05223202223052022