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Original Research 


A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics

Moumita Hazra.

Abstract
Background: This comparative efficacy quantification research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and the subsequent systematic review, along with a consecutive meta-analysis of the different as well as wide-ranged study literature on oral hypoglycemic application rationality of metformin pharmacotherapeutics were performed, for a better comprehension of multicenter maintenance of rational pharmacotherapeutic aspects in the regular antidiabetic mono- and combination therapies prescribed to the new Type II diabetic patients.

Aim and Objective: This clinical research study was conducted with the objective for a comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review, along with an accompanying meta-analysis, on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics.

Materials and Methods: In this comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research study, 100 patients suffering from newly detected early moderate grade Type II diabetes mellitus, were allotted into Group A consisting of 50 patients and Group B consisting of 50 patients. The Group A patients were prescribed the anti-diabetic treatment of orally administered metformin 500 mg, to be taken once daily for a span of 30 days, as metformin 1st line (only) monotherapy. The Group B patients were prescribed an oral hypoglycemic drug other than metformin, as 1st line anti-diabetic treatment, for the 1st 30 days, and then these Group B patients were gradually transferred to oral metformin combination therapy with another oral hypoglycemic drug, as metformin 2nd line (only) combination therapy, for the next 30 days. The derived study findings of comparative percentage efficacy quantification were statistically analyzed, on the basis of comparison between both the deduced results, for obtaining the comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy. Systematic review as well as meta-analysis is clinical research methods, comprising of a detailed, systematic and interpretative method of collecting, assessing and synthesizing the various medical evidences, to elaborate the research solution to a well-defined research question, in the form of a well-structured qualitative research review as well as quantitative analytical interpretations.

Results: In this study, it was derived that the evidence-based chronopharmacological comparative percentage efficacy quantification of anti-diabetic metformin treatment showed 53% of percentage efficacy, when metformin was administered as 1st line (only) monotherapy, and 47% of percentage efficacy, when metformin was administered as 2nd line (only) combination therapy, with other oral hypoglycaemic drugs, prescribed in diabetes mellitus type II treatment regimens. The systematic review as well as meta-analysis in this study deduced 2482 refined, and also relevant, medical research database records, from total 3211 medical research database records, with a comprehensive qualitative and quantitative research database analyses.

Conclusions: In this study, it was concluded that there was a slightly greater pharmacological efficacy of metformin 1st line (only) monotherapy than metformin 2nd line (only) combination therapy. The systematic review as well as meta-analysis derived a refined and conclusive medical research analysis, which was qualitatively synthesised, along with quantitative interpretations, on the various application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics.

Key words: Comparative Chronopharmacological Efficacy; Application Rationality of Pharmacotherapeutics; Systematic Review; Meta-analysis; Metformin; Pharmacology; Clinical Pharmacology; Evidence-based Medicine; Evidence-based Pharmacology


 
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Pubmed Style

Moumita Hazra. A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(7): 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022


Web Style

Moumita Hazra. A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=38238 [Access: January 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Moumita Hazra. A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(7): 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Moumita Hazra. A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited January 02, 2023]; 12(7): 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022



Harvard Style

Moumita Hazra (2022) A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (7), 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022



Turabian Style

Moumita Hazra. 2022. A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (7), 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022



Chicago Style

Moumita Hazra. "A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Moumita Hazra. "A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.7 (2022), 989-996. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Moumita Hazra (2022) A comparative quantitative evidence-based chronopharmacological efficacy research between metformin monotherapy and metformin combination therapy, and a systematic review and meta-analysis on the application rationalities of metformin pharmacotherapeutics. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (7), 989-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05212202218052022