E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

Nirmalya Manna, Arup Chakraborty, Abhishek Reja, Debasis Das.

Abstract
Background: Geriatrics refers to people aged 60 years and above. In India, the absolute number of elderly people increased from 76 million in 2001 to 100 million in 2011(8.6% of total population) and 138 million in 2021 (10.1% of total population). Common morbid conditions in older age include hypertension, diabetes, hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, back and neck pain and osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, dementia, and complex health states commonly called the “Geriatric Syndromes.”

Aims and Objectives: The present study described the morbidity pattern, quality of life and their relationship among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata.

Materials and Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with a semi-structured data collection form having “OPQOL-Brief questionnaire” among 110 older subjects in a systematic manner who have attended the Geriatric Medicine OPD of Medical College, Kolkata, during the months of March–April, 2021. The data were entered into Microsoft Excel spreadsheet (version 10) and analyzed with the help of SPSS (version 25).

Results: About 59.1% of study subjects were male. The most common morbidity was hypertension (47.27%), followed by diabetes mellitus (39.1%), bronchial asthma (27.3%), and heart diseases (19.1%). About 50.9% of the patients (49.23% of male and 53.33% of female) had a good quality of life.

Conclusion: This study showed that these patients’ quality of life had significant relationship with their socioeconomic status and number of comorbidities present. It was advisable to adopt policies for affordable solutions for diagnosis and management of geriatric comorbidities overall.

Key words: Geriatrics; Morbidity Pattern; Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Quality of Life


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Manna N, Chakraborty A, Reja A, Das D. An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(11): 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022


Web Style

Manna N, Chakraborty A, Reja A, Das D. An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=28072 [Access: November 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Manna N, Chakraborty A, Reja A, Das D. An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(11): 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Manna N, Chakraborty A, Reja A, Das D. An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited November 24, 2022]; 12(11): 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022



Harvard Style

Manna, N., Chakraborty, . A., Reja, . A. & Das, . D. (2022) An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (11), 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022



Turabian Style

Manna, Nirmalya, Arup Chakraborty, Abhishek Reja, and Debasis Das. 2022. An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (11), 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022



Chicago Style

Manna, Nirmalya, Arup Chakraborty, Abhishek Reja, and Debasis Das. "An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Manna, Nirmalya, Arup Chakraborty, Abhishek Reja, and Debasis Das. "An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.11 (2022), 1949-1953. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Manna, N., Chakraborty, . A., Reja, . A. & Das, . D. (2022) An epidemiological study on morbidity pattern and quality of life among geriatric patients attending Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (11), 1949-1953. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04188202217082022