E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology

Uday Kumar Chiranjeevi, Vasavi Gedela, Hari Jagannadha Rao G.

Abstract
Background: Pharmacology as a specialty deals with drugs, therapies, and their application to clinical medicine. The traditional teaching approach has been through didactic lectures in medical colleges. Case-based learning (CBL) as a teaching-learning method is an inquiry-guided, conceptual, and application-based novel approach in medical education.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of CBL compared to conventional method among medical graduates and evaluate the perception of students regarding CBL in pharmacology.

Materials and Methods: After taking ethics committee approval (IEC/ASR APPROVAL/017/2019) and obtaining informed consent from 60 students randomly divided into two equal groups: Group 1 (CBL) and Group 2 (Conventional). Case scenarios in Type 2 diabetes mellitus and bronchial asthma, test questionnaires, and feedback forms on the perception of students for CBL were developed and validated by experts. Group 1 had CBL sessions while Group 2 had didactic lectures and was evaluated immediately after sessions and 4 weeks later. Student perceptions regarding CBL were collected and analyzed.

Results: In our study, Group 1 (CBL) had significantly higher scores (P < 0.001) as compared to Group 2 in knowledge-based questions as well as application-based questions. About 90% of the students had a positive perception of CBL and insisted on its implementation in the curriculum.

Conclusions: CBL is more effective than conventional teaching in certain topics of pharmacology. Retention of subject and concepts was better as compared to the conventional group.

Key words: Case-based Learning; Knowledge-based Question; Perception; Application-based Question


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chiranjeevi UK, Gedela V, G HJR. A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(5): 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022


Web Style

Chiranjeevi UK, Gedela V, G HJR. A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=26781 [Access: May 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chiranjeevi UK, Gedela V, G HJR. A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(5): 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chiranjeevi UK, Gedela V, G HJR. A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited May 02, 2022]; 12(5): 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022



Harvard Style

Chiranjeevi, U. K., Gedela, . V. & G, . H. J. R. (2022) A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (5), 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022



Turabian Style

Chiranjeevi, Uday Kumar, Vasavi Gedela, and Hari Jagannadha Rao G. 2022. A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (5), 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022



Chicago Style

Chiranjeevi, Uday Kumar, Vasavi Gedela, and Hari Jagannadha Rao G. "A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chiranjeevi, Uday Kumar, Vasavi Gedela, and Hari Jagannadha Rao G. "A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.5 (2022), 712-716. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chiranjeevi, U. K., Gedela, . V. & G, . H. J. R. (2022) A comparative study of case-based learning with conventional teaching in undergraduate training of pharmacology. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (5), 712-716. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.02065202208032022