E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study

Shashank A Desai, Dinesh K Dhodi, Shyamal R Sinha.

Abstract
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are regarded as one of the major causes of non-adherence to anti-tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Identify ADRs and Establish a causal relationship between Suspected drug and Adverse Event is very important step from Pharmacovigilance point of view.

Aim and Objective: This study aims to monitor the adverse effects of the drugs in the patients on treatment for TB and do the causality assessment.

Materials and Methods: A prospective, single-centric, observational, and open-labeled study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital of Mumbai. Patients presenting with ADRs were monitored, analyzed and causality assessment was carried out using World Health Organization-Uppsala Monitoring Centre (WHO-UMC) and Naranjo’s assessment scale.

Results: A total of 459 patients presenting with ADRs were enrolled in the study, their mean age was 34.60±14.21 years while male patients outnumbered female patients. About 363 patients presented with at least any one type of ADR followed by 96 patients presented with combination of any two ADRs, so study population (n = 459) presented with total 555 ADRs. Gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary system were the most affected sites of body. Majority of ADRs showed possible relation to the suspected drug during causality assessment using both the WHO-UMC and Naranjo’s scale.

Conclusion: Majority of ADRs were mild to moderate in nature with no occurrence of severe ADR. It is important to establish information management systems to detect and report adverse drug events in chronic infective respiratory disease like TB. Focus should be given on assessment and prevention of medication errors resulting in ADRs.

Key words: Adverse Drug Reaction; Causality Assessment; Naranjo’s Algorithm; World Health Organization-Uppsala Monitoring Centre Scale


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Shashank A Desai
Articles by Dinesh K Dhodi
Articles by Shyamal R Sinha
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Desai SA, Dhodi DK, Sinha SR. Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(3): 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020


Web Style

Desai SA, Dhodi DK, Sinha SR. Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=21680 [Access: January 31, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Desai SA, Dhodi DK, Sinha SR. Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(3): 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Desai SA, Dhodi DK, Sinha SR. Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited January 31, 2024]; 11(3): 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020



Harvard Style

Desai, S. A., Dhodi, . D. K. & Sinha, . S. R. (2021) Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (3), 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020



Turabian Style

Desai, Shashank A, Dinesh K Dhodi, and Shyamal R Sinha. 2021. Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (3), 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020



Chicago Style

Desai, Shashank A, Dinesh K Dhodi, and Shyamal R Sinha. "Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Desai, Shashank A, Dinesh K Dhodi, and Shyamal R Sinha. "Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.3 (2021), 263-268. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Desai, S. A., Dhodi, . D. K. & Sinha, . S. R. (2021) Causality assessment of adverse drug reactions reported with antitubercular drugs in a tertiary care hospital – An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (3), 263-268. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10290202031102020