E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research

Online Publishing Date:
21 / 05 / 2024

 


Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center

Ashwin Budihal, Madhuri M Gudikote, Saranya Periyasamy, Vidya K R.


Abstract
Background: Due to the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus, which had lainissed within sensory ganglions, herpes zoster (HZ) is typified by unilateral radicular pain and grouped vesicular eruption that is typically restricted to the dermatome innervated by a single spinal or cranial sensory ganglion. It is widely known that reactivation of varicella-zoster virus infection as HZ can cause morbidity in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive host.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical profile of HZ among HIV-positive patients in a rural tertiary care center.

Materials and Methods: A prospective hospital-based study was conducted in a rural tertiary care hospital in Karnataka for duration of 24 months. All patients attending the outpatient department (OPD) of dermatology with clinical features of HZ and post-herpetic complications irrespective of their age and gender were included in the study. Data collection done in a semi-structured questionnaire on patient particulars as well as pre-existing co-morbidities was documented.

Results: A cross-sectional study included 75 HZ patients attending OPD. Among the total 75 HZ patients, 11 were found to be seropositive for HIV infection. Seroprevalence among HZ was 14.6%. Among seropositive patients, the maximum belonged to the age group 41–60 years (63.3%). In the seropositive group, maximum cases (36.4%) occurred during summer while it was in the post monsoon season (39%) in the seronegative group.

Conclusion: It is known that multidermatomal and severe pain is more commonly seen in HIV-infected patients than in the normal population. Many HIV-positive patients can present with a typical presentation of zoster as seen in our study.

Key words: Clinical Profile; Herpes Zoster; Human Immunodeficiency Virus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Budihal A, Gudikote MM, Periyasamy S, R VK. Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(6): 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024


Web Style

Budihal A, Gudikote MM, Periyasamy S, R VK. Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=201217 [Access: June 02, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Budihal A, Gudikote MM, Periyasamy S, R VK. Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(6): 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Budihal A, Gudikote MM, Periyasamy S, R VK. Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2024), [cited June 02, 2024]; 14(6): 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024



Harvard Style

Budihal, A., Gudikote, . M. M., Periyasamy, . S. & R, . V. K. (2024) Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 14 (6), 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024



Turabian Style

Budihal, Ashwin, Madhuri M Gudikote, Saranya Periyasamy, and Vidya K R. 2024. Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (6), 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024



Chicago Style

Budihal, Ashwin, Madhuri M Gudikote, Saranya Periyasamy, and Vidya K R. "Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14 (2024), 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Budihal, Ashwin, Madhuri M Gudikote, Saranya Periyasamy, and Vidya K R. "Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14.6 (2024), 1240-1243. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Budihal, A., Gudikote, . M. M., Periyasamy, . S. & R, . V. K. (2024) Clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus infected at a rural-based tertiary care center. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (6), 1240-1243. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05206202414052024