E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research

Online Publishing Date:
20 / 05 / 2024

 


A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata

Anjali S Jainendran, Shibasish Banerjee, Sudipto Mondal, Sayantan Das Mazumdar.


Abstract
Background: A healthy mental adjustment to life is associated with a higher life expectancy than emotional disorders and stress. Age-related depression and dementia are major global public health issues that contribute to significant morbidity and disability among the elderly.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and dementia among the elderly population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 elderly populations obtained through multistage random sampling, in the villages under ROHANDA health and wellness center using pre-tested, validated questionnaires called the short version of Geriatric depression scale -15, and Ascertain Dementia 8 to screen and estimate the prevalence of depression and dementia among the elderly.

Results: The prevalence of depression and dementia among the elderly (mean age ± SD = 62.5 ± 6.69 years) was 18.2% and 17.3%, respectively. Increasing age, low socioeconomic status, low education, and nucleation of families were found to have significance in developing both dementia and depressive symptoms among the elderly. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed with the risk factors that found to be significantly associated with the development of depression and dementia. For depression type of family (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.11; 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.013–0.983]), body mass index (AOR 7.07; 95% CI [2.104–23.755]) were found to be independent risk factors and for dementia age (AOR 13.60; 95% CI [3.168–58.375]), socioeconomic status (AOR 0.063; 95% CI [0.007–0.563]), marital status (AOR 7.83; 95% CI [1.767–34.696]) were found to be significant after controlling other relevant factors.

Conclusion: As aging-related changes take place, depression and cognitive impairment in the elderly go undiagnosed. Therefore, early screening in primary care can aid in early diagnosis and the implementation of suitable interventions to lessen the severity and burden of the condition and enhance the quality of life.

Key words: Elderly; Ascertain Dementia 8; Geriatric Depression Scale 15


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jainendran AS, Banerjee S, Mondal S, Mazumdar SD. A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(6): 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024


Web Style

Jainendran AS, Banerjee S, Mondal S, Mazumdar SD. A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=198753 [Access: June 02, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jainendran AS, Banerjee S, Mondal S, Mazumdar SD. A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(6): 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jainendran AS, Banerjee S, Mondal S, Mazumdar SD. A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2024), [cited June 02, 2024]; 14(6): 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024



Harvard Style

Jainendran, A. S., Banerjee, . S., Mondal, . S. & Mazumdar, . S. D. (2024) A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 14 (6), 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024



Turabian Style

Jainendran, Anjali S, Shibasish Banerjee, Sudipto Mondal, and Sayantan Das Mazumdar. 2024. A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (6), 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024



Chicago Style

Jainendran, Anjali S, Shibasish Banerjee, Sudipto Mondal, and Sayantan Das Mazumdar. "A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14 (2024), 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jainendran, Anjali S, Shibasish Banerjee, Sudipto Mondal, and Sayantan Das Mazumdar. "A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14.6 (2024), 1227-1232. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jainendran, A. S., Banerjee, . S., Mondal, . S. & Mazumdar, . S. D. (2024) A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of depression and dementia among the geriatric population residing in the rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (6), 1227-1232. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.04179202408052024