E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study

Kanathur N Chaithra, Eregodu Manjunath Sparshadeep, Basavaraj Rajesh, Bai G Priyadarshini, Gowthamapura Venkatappa Kavana.

Abstract
Background: Drug promotional literatures (DPLs) offered by pharmaceutical companies are crucial tools for promoting their products to prescribers. The printed DPLs distributed by pharmaceutical companies are frequently biased, according to numerous studies.

Aims and Objectives: The study was undertaken with the objective of evaluating the accuracy of the DPL using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional and observational study of 6-month duration was carried out in the outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital to analyze the DPL of different pharmaceutical companies using the WHO criteria “Ethical criteria for medicinal drug promotion, 1988.” Microsoft Excel was used for the analysis of descriptive statistics.

Results: A total of 246 (75.5%) brochures satisfied more than 50% of the WHO criteria. References to scientific literature 146 (44.8%); efficacy information 60 (18.4%); side effects and major adverse drug reactions (ADRs), precautions, warnings and contraindications, and major drug interaction 76 (23.3%), 54 (16.6%), and 56 (17.2%) respectively; exaggerated claims 112 (34.5%); fixed dose drug combination promotion 221 (67.5%); single DPL with multiple drug promotion 104 (31.9%) were the relevant percentage distribution of various components of the total DPLs analyzed in the study.

Conclusion: The pharmaceutical companies adequately advertise their brand and generic names, and dose and dosage forms but lack the adequacy and accuracy in the safety and efficacy information, and the source of literature in their respective drug promotional materials.

Key words: Advertisement; Drug Promotional Literature; World Health Organization Guidelines; Pharmaceutical Company; Brochure


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Kanathur N Chaithra
Articles by Eregodu Manjunath Sparshadeep
Articles by Basavaraj Rajesh
Articles by Bai G Priyadarshini
Articles by Gowthamapura Venkatappa Kavana
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chaithra KN, Sparshadeep EM, Rajesh B, Priyadarshini BG, Kavana GV. Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(2): 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023


Web Style

Chaithra KN, Sparshadeep EM, Rajesh B, Priyadarshini BG, Kavana GV. Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=159068 [Access: January 31, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chaithra KN, Sparshadeep EM, Rajesh B, Priyadarshini BG, Kavana GV. Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(2): 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chaithra KN, Sparshadeep EM, Rajesh B, Priyadarshini BG, Kavana GV. Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2024), [cited January 31, 2024]; 14(2): 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023



Harvard Style

Chaithra, K. N., Sparshadeep, . E. M., Rajesh, . B., Priyadarshini, . B. G. & Kavana, . G. V. (2024) Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 14 (2), 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023



Turabian Style

Chaithra, Kanathur N, Eregodu Manjunath Sparshadeep, Basavaraj Rajesh, Bai G Priyadarshini, and Gowthamapura Venkatappa Kavana. 2024. Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (2), 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023



Chicago Style

Chaithra, Kanathur N, Eregodu Manjunath Sparshadeep, Basavaraj Rajesh, Bai G Priyadarshini, and Gowthamapura Venkatappa Kavana. "Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14 (2024), 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chaithra, Kanathur N, Eregodu Manjunath Sparshadeep, Basavaraj Rajesh, Bai G Priyadarshini, and Gowthamapura Venkatappa Kavana. "Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14.2 (2024), 254-258. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chaithra, K. N., Sparshadeep, . E. M., Rajesh, . B., Priyadarshini, . B. G. & Kavana, . G. V. (2024) Critical evaluation of drug promotional literature using the WHO guidelines: A hospital-based, cross-sectional, and observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (2), 254-258. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06332202307072023