E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab

Ramandeep Kaur, Ruchika Garg, Sandeep Kaur, Sonu Gupta.

Abstract
Background: Every student faces stress after their admission to higher educational institutes. The examination process is one major form of an unpredictable type of academic stressor.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study are as follows: (1) To measure the baseline cardiorespiratory parameters: Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse rate (PR) and respiratory rate (RR), and pre-examination readings to evaluate the effect of stress on all the above and (2) to compare their values among all the students and different gender also.

Materials and Methods: In our study, 146 MBBS first phase students, age group of 18–20 years, had participated. After written consent, their anthropometric parameters and cardiorespiratory parameters – baseline and pre-examination readings were measured and data were analyzed statistically.

Results: In the male students, the SBP (P < 0.05), DBP and RR both (P < 0.001) were found to increase statistically significantly, while DBP and RR was found to increase significantly in female students (P < 0.001). PR was observed to increase statistically not significantly (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Academic stress affected most of the cardio-respiratory parameters in our students. Thus, we suggest the need of continuous academic and psychological support in the form of counseling sessions to overcome the stress.

Key words: Examination Stress; Systolic Blood Pressure; Diastolic Blood Pressure; Respiratory Rate; Pulse Rate; Medical Students


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kaur R, Garg R, Kaur S, Gupta S. Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(2): 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023


Web Style

Kaur R, Garg R, Kaur S, Gupta S. Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=149351 [Access: January 31, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kaur R, Garg R, Kaur S, Gupta S. Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2024; 14(2): 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kaur R, Garg R, Kaur S, Gupta S. Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2024), [cited January 31, 2024]; 14(2): 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023



Harvard Style

Kaur, R., Garg, . R., Kaur, . S. & Gupta, . S. (2024) Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 14 (2), 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023



Turabian Style

Kaur, Ramandeep, Ruchika Garg, Sandeep Kaur, and Sonu Gupta. 2024. Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (2), 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023



Chicago Style

Kaur, Ramandeep, Ruchika Garg, Sandeep Kaur, and Sonu Gupta. "Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14 (2024), 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kaur, Ramandeep, Ruchika Garg, Sandeep Kaur, and Sonu Gupta. "Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 14.2 (2024), 248-253. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kaur, R., Garg, . R., Kaur, . S. & Gupta, . S. (2024) Impact of examination stress on cardiorespiratory parameters among medical students in Punjab. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 14 (2), 248-253. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06318202304072023