E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital

Tejas A Acharya, Madhav D Trivedi, Krupal J Joshi, Sunita B Chhaiya, Dimple S Mehta.

Abstract
Background: Present status of pharmacovigilance is not satisfactory in India due to underreporting of adverse drug reactions which may be due to shortcomings of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward pharmacovigilance among health professionals. Best time to inculcate this is during their undergraduate studies.

Aim and Objectives: The study amis to evaluate KAP of undergraduate medical students and compare the results.

Materials and Methods: pharmacovigilance KAP-based preformed questionnaire containing 23 questions was answered by second, pre-final and final year MBBS students of our tertiary care teaching hospital. Data obtained was analyzed statistically. Analysis was done by calculating mean score in each year and compared between respective MBBS years. Level of significance was assessed by Kruskal Wallis test.

Results: Total 219 students participated in the study among which 93 were from second year (3rd term), 74 were from pre-final year and 52 were from final year MBBS. Mean score of second year, pre-final year, and final year for knowledge was (4.12, 5.34, 6.06), for attitude was (6.90, 6.99, 6.35) and for practice was (1.16, 1.55, 2.62). Statistically significant difference is seen between knowledge and practice, while attitude difference is not significant.

Conclusion: Students have relatively better attitude but limited knowledge and less practice for pharmacovigilance.

Key words: Pharmacovigilance; Adverse Drug Reaction; Knowledge Attitude and Practice; Undergraduate Medical Students


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Acharya TA, Trivedi MD, Joshi KJ, Chhaiya SB, Mehta DS. An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022


Web Style

Acharya TA, Trivedi MD, Joshi KJ, Chhaiya SB, Mehta DS. An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=140130 [Access: November 24, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Acharya TA, Trivedi MD, Joshi KJ, Chhaiya SB, Mehta DS. An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Acharya TA, Trivedi MD, Joshi KJ, Chhaiya SB, Mehta DS. An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited November 24, 2022]; 12(9): 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022



Harvard Style

Acharya, T. A., Trivedi, . M. D., Joshi, . K. J., Chhaiya, . S. B. & Mehta, . D. S. (2022) An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (9), 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022



Turabian Style

Acharya, Tejas A, Madhav D Trivedi, Krupal J Joshi, Sunita B Chhaiya, and Dimple S Mehta. 2022. An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022



Chicago Style

Acharya, Tejas A, Madhav D Trivedi, Krupal J Joshi, Sunita B Chhaiya, and Dimple S Mehta. "An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Acharya, Tejas A, Madhav D Trivedi, Krupal J Joshi, Sunita B Chhaiya, and Dimple S Mehta. "An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.9 (2022), 1361-1365. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Acharya, T. A., Trivedi, . M. D., Joshi, . K. J., Chhaiya, . S. B. & Mehta, . D. S. (2022) An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1361-1365. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01001202213012022