E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study

Shirisha J, Priyanka S, Devulapally Y, Kala Madhuri N.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common diseases throughout the world that leads to the highest mortality and morbidity.

Aim and Objectives: The present study was undertaken to observe depression, anxiety, and stress levels in Type 2 diabetic patients and compare them with healthy controls.

Materials and Methods: A total of 30 diabetic patients with Type 2 diabetes and 30 age and gender-matched healthy controls were part of the study after obtaining written informed consent. The assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress was performed using the standard questionnaire DASS 21.

Results: There was a significantly higher level of depression scores observed in the cases when compared with the control group. Anxiety scores were significantly higher in diabetic patients when compared with the control group. Stress scores were significantly higher in diabetic individuals when compared with the control group.

Conclusion: The levels of depression, anxiety, and stress were significantly higher in the diabetic group compared to the control group. Further detailed studies are recommended in this area to adopt the diagnosis and management of depression, anxiety, and stress levels in diabetic patients.

Key words: Diabetes; Depression; Anxiety; Stress


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Shirisha J
Articles by Priyanka S
Articles by Devulapally Y
Articles by Kala Madhuri N
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

J S, S P, Y D, N KM. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(6): 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022


Web Style

J S, S P, Y D, N KM. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=127768 [Access: February 01, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

J S, S P, Y D, N KM. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(6): 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

J S, S P, Y D, N KM. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2024]; 13(6): 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022



Harvard Style

J, S., S, . P., Y, . D. & N, . K. M. (2023) Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (6), 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022



Turabian Style

J, Shirisha, Priyanka S, Devulapally Y, and Kala Madhuri N. 2023. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (6), 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022



Chicago Style

J, Shirisha, Priyanka S, Devulapally Y, and Kala Madhuri N. "Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

J, Shirisha, Priyanka S, Devulapally Y, and Kala Madhuri N. "Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.6 (2023), 1171-1173. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

J, S., S, . P., Y, . D. & N, . K. M. (2023) Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress in Type 2 diabetic patients: A case–control study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (6), 1171-1173. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.11525202209112022