E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women

Suparna Ghosh, Roopashree K, Prithika Shree Ragothaman, Saumya Vashishtha.

Abstract
Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that most women experience during the luteal phase of their menstrual cycle. It usually abates at the commencement of the periods. During this period, apart from physical discomfort, some women experience psychological and behavioral changes as well, which can disturb their lives. Various studies have been conducted on PMS and its effect on an individual with respect to body mass index and exercise, but very few studies are available on the association of diet with PMS. Therefore, we are evaluating the relationship between dietary pattern and PMS morbidity.

Aims and Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of PMS and its severity in different age groups of women and compare its association with vegetarians and non-vegetarians.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among the staff and students of East Point College of Medical Sciences and Research Center. Data were collected using a well formulated, structured, and pre-tested questionnaire, which had questions on diet patterns and PMS symptoms.

Results: PMS was found to be more prevalent in young women (18–25 years) (57%) compared to older women (26–49 years) (43%), and the symptoms were slightly more severe among vegetarians (9%), compared to non-vegetarians (5%). There was no correlation between severity and body mass index.

Conclusion: PMS is one of the most common gynecological complaints in young women. Although PMS is not a serious disorder, it can definitely change the quality of life for many women and affect their mental health and productivity. Creating awareness among young adolescents to lead a healthy lifestyle with changes in their diet and physical activity can improve the condition.

Key words: Premenstrual Syndrome; Women; Severity; Vegetarians; Non-Vegetarians


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ghosh S, K R, Ragothaman PS, Vashishtha S. Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022


Web Style

Ghosh S, K R, Ragothaman PS, Vashishtha S. Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=125223 [Access: February 01, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ghosh S, K R, Ragothaman PS, Vashishtha S. Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(1): 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ghosh S, K R, Ragothaman PS, Vashishtha S. Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2023]; 13(1): 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022



Harvard Style

Ghosh, S., K, . R., Ragothaman, . P. S. & Vashishtha, . S. (2023) Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (1), 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022



Turabian Style

Ghosh, Suparna, Roopashree K, Prithika Shree Ragothaman, and Saumya Vashishtha. 2023. Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022



Chicago Style

Ghosh, Suparna, Roopashree K, Prithika Shree Ragothaman, and Saumya Vashishtha. "Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ghosh, Suparna, Roopashree K, Prithika Shree Ragothaman, and Saumya Vashishtha. "Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.1 (2023), 167-171. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ghosh, S., K, . R., Ragothaman, . P. S. & Vashishtha, . S. (2023) Determination of severity of premenstrual syndrome among vegetarian and non-vegetarian women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (1), 167-171. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.10506202229112022