E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India

Mohammed Naseeruddin Nadeem, Maliha Maqdoom, Mahammad Juber S, Mohammed Ezzuddin Akif.

Abstract
Background: The injudicious and indiscriminate use of antimicrobials has led to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in the low- and middle-income countries. Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) is the coordinated intervention to enhance the appropriate use of antimicrobials. Antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) is a multidisciplinary program with interventions and strategies to encourage AMS to prevent emergence of AMR.

Aims and Objectives: This study aimed at evaluating the knowledge, awareness, and practice (KAP) of AMS among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study conducted after obtaining Institutional Ethics Committee approval was conducted among prescribers of a teaching hospital from September 2022 to October 2022. Responses to the questionnaires issued to the prescribers through Google Forms were analyzed by descriptive statistics using Microsoft excel.

Results: A total of 230 prescribers submitted the filled in questionnaires. The definition of AMS was known to 62%. The constitution and functioning of ASP was known to 59%. However, only a few (38%) prescribers agreed that antimicrobials are avoided in viral infections. More than 60% had good awareness of AMS. However, only 25% were aware of an ASP program is their hospital. Fifty percent agreed to the practice of reviewing antimicrobial use after 48–72 h and only 38% to the practice of obtaining cultures before prescribing antimicrobials.

Conclusions: The prescribers had moderate knowledge and awareness and poor practice of AMS. To address these gaps, educational interventions and capacity building approaches are required.

Key words: Antimicrobial Stewardship; Antimicrobial Resistance; Prescribers; South India


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nadeem MN, Maqdoom M, S MJ, Akif ME. Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022


Web Style

Nadeem MN, Maqdoom M, S MJ, Akif ME. Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=119237 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nadeem MN, Maqdoom M, S MJ, Akif ME. Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nadeem MN, Maqdoom M, S MJ, Akif ME. Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022



Harvard Style

Nadeem, M. N., Maqdoom, . M., S, . M. J. & Akif, . M. E. (2022) Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022



Turabian Style

Nadeem, Mohammed Naseeruddin, Maliha Maqdoom, Mahammad Juber S, and Mohammed Ezzuddin Akif. 2022. Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022



Chicago Style

Nadeem, Mohammed Naseeruddin, Maliha Maqdoom, Mahammad Juber S, and Mohammed Ezzuddin Akif. "Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nadeem, Mohammed Naseeruddin, Maliha Maqdoom, Mahammad Juber S, and Mohammed Ezzuddin Akif. "Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2190-2196. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nadeem, M. N., Maqdoom, . M., S, . M. J. & Akif, . M. E. (2022) Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and practice of antimicrobial stewardship among prescribers of a teaching hospital in South India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2190-2196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11513202209112022