E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal

Nirmalya Manna, Avishek Bhadra, Pratiti Panchanan, Pushpak Das, Debasis Das.

Abstract
Background: The increase in worldwide life expectancy among the elderly is contributing to an increase in cognitive impairment (CI). A more complicated etiology makes CI an essential clinical concern for elderly patients with depression. Ageing populations as a result of demographic change have accelerated the development of certain geriatric conditions, including CI and depression.

Aims and Objectives: The objective was to identify the prevalence and contributing factors of CI and depression in the elderly rural community.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, and community-based study was conducted in rural field practice area of Medical College, Kolkata, among 133 geriatric people during time period of March–June, 2022. The prevalence of CI was measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scale and depression was assessed using the geriatric depression scale. Data were analyzed in SPSS software version 16.

Results: Mean age of the participants was 65.68 (±6.03) years. The prevalence of CI was 86.5%, with a mean MMSE score of 19.27 ± 4.34, and the depression was 77.5% and 7.07 ± 3.39.

Conclusion: Almost two-third of the geriatric population is suffering from depression and CI. To handle the issue of CI, depression, and its resulting effects, new and modified geriatric health policies are very much needed.

Key words: Geriatric; Cognitive Impairment; Depression; Mini Mental Status Examination; Geriatric Depression Scale


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Manna N, Bhadra A, Panchanan P, Das P, Das D. A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(3): 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022


Web Style

Manna N, Bhadra A, Panchanan P, Das P, Das D. A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=113937 [Access: February 01, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Manna N, Bhadra A, Panchanan P, Das P, Das D. A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(3): 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Manna N, Bhadra A, Panchanan P, Das P, Das D. A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2024]; 13(3): 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022



Harvard Style

Manna, N., Bhadra, . A., Panchanan, . P., Das, . P. & Das, . D. (2023) A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (3), 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022



Turabian Style

Manna, Nirmalya, Avishek Bhadra, Pratiti Panchanan, Pushpak Das, and Debasis Das. 2023. A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (3), 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022



Chicago Style

Manna, Nirmalya, Avishek Bhadra, Pratiti Panchanan, Pushpak Das, and Debasis Das. "A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Manna, Nirmalya, Avishek Bhadra, Pratiti Panchanan, Pushpak Das, and Debasis Das. "A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.3 (2023), 666-672. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Manna, N., Bhadra, . A., Panchanan, . P., Das, . P. & Das, . D. (2023) A cross-sectional study to determine the cognitive impairment and depression among elderly in a rural area of West Bengal. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (3), 666-672. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.12603202227122022