E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes

Shashikala K T, Sneha Jaiswal.

Abstract
Background: Pulmonary function will improve by regular and intense physical activity. There will be difference in degree of improvement or increase in pulmonary functions in different types of athletic activities. Recent studies have stated forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC ratio to be higher in athletes than in the normal sedentary control individuals. Few studies have found lower values of dynamic pulmonary function while few other studies have found higher values of dynamic pulmonary function tests. We undertook this study to know the pulmonary function in athletes of Bengaluru and compare it with controls.

Aim and Objective: This study aims to record dynamic pulmonary function tests (FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC) using COSMED computerized spirometer in athletes and to compare with non-athletes.

Materials and Methods: This is a case–control study which included 50 non-smoking athletes of 18–25 years age group from Shree Kanteerava Stadium, Bengaluru, and 50 non-athletes as control group after considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects were age and gender matched. FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC were recorded using COSMED computerized spirometer. For statistical analysis, independent Student’s t-test was used.

Results: FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC (P < 0.001) were significantly increased in athletes than non-athletes.

Conclusion: Regular exercise and athletic training will improve the lung function tests.

Key words: Athletes; Forced Vital Capacity; Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second; COSMED Spirometer


 
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Pubmed Style

T SK, Jaiswal S. Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022


Web Style

T SK, Jaiswal S. Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=92130 [Access: September 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

T SK, Jaiswal S. Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(9): 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

T SK, Jaiswal S. Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited September 01, 2022]; 12(9): 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022



Harvard Style

T, S. K. & Jaiswal, . S. (2022) Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (9), 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022



Turabian Style

T, Shashikala K, and Sneha Jaiswal. 2022. Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022



Chicago Style

T, Shashikala K, and Sneha Jaiswal. "Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

T, Shashikala K, and Sneha Jaiswal. "Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.9 (2022), 1335-1338. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

T, S. K. & Jaiswal, . S. (2022) Assessment of pulmonary functions FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio among athletes and non-athletes. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (9), 1335-1338. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.07222202111012022