E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students

Amrutha Mary Zachariah, Susan John, Alice David, Ann U Thomas, Leya Elizabeth Babu.

Abstract
Background: Medical education is considered to be the most stressful learning process globally. Stress can have a negative impact on the academic performance and psychosocial well-being of the students. Perceived stress scale-10 (PSS-10) is a useful tool to assess mental stress. Being involved in the neurotransmitter systems in the brain; vitamin D may have a role in the perception of stress. Hence, finding any association between stress and vitamin D will help us to address stress suitably.

Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives were to assess the prevalence of stress in medical undergraduates and to find its association with vitamin D levels in the body.

Materials and Methods: The perception of stress was assessed in 79 students of age between 18 and 21 years using the PSS-10. A total score above 14 is considered moderate to high stress. The serum vitamin D was measured by the chemiluminescent immunoassay technique. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation between stress and vitamin D.

Results: About 86% of the students showed moderate to high stress with females having a significantly high stress (P = 0.002) compared to males. About 87% of females and 91% of males were having hypovitaminosis D with no gender association. Even though vitamin D was negatively correlated with stress, the association was not statistically significant with P = 0.5.

Conclusion: The study shows a high prevalence of stress and hypovitaminosis in medical students. However, vitamin D is not associated with the perception of stress.

Key words: Medical Education; Mental Stress; Vitamin D


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Amrutha Mary Zachariah
Articles by Susan John
Articles by Alice David
Articles by Ann U Thomas
Articles by Leya Elizabeth Babu
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zachariah AM, John S, David A, Thomas AU, Babu LE. Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(12): 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023


Web Style

Zachariah AM, John S, David A, Thomas AU, Babu LE. Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=151735 [Access: February 01, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zachariah AM, John S, David A, Thomas AU, Babu LE. Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(12): 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zachariah AM, John S, David A, Thomas AU, Babu LE. Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2024]; 13(12): 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023



Harvard Style

Zachariah, A. M., John, . S., David, . A., Thomas, . A. U. & Babu, . L. E. (2023) Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (12), 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023



Turabian Style

Zachariah, Amrutha Mary, Susan John, Alice David, Ann U Thomas, and Leya Elizabeth Babu. 2023. Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (12), 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023



Chicago Style

Zachariah, Amrutha Mary, Susan John, Alice David, Ann U Thomas, and Leya Elizabeth Babu. "Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zachariah, Amrutha Mary, Susan John, Alice David, Ann U Thomas, and Leya Elizabeth Babu. "Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.12 (2023), 2440-2445. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zachariah, A. M., John, . S., David, . A., Thomas, . A. U. & Babu, . L. E. (2023) Prevalence of stress and its association with vitamin D status in undergraduate medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (12), 2440-2445. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.05236202312052023