E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males

Divyesh S Vadasmiya, Hitesh V Patel.

Abstract
Background: Obesity is a global health hazard and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Studies have shown that obesity, in particular, abdominal obesity is negatively associated to pulmonary functions.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) To compare the pulmonary function tests in non-obese, overweight, and obese individuals and (2) to find out the correlation of body mass index (BMI) with severity of pulmonary dysfunctions among obese individuals.

Materials and Methods: The study was done in 90 adult males with the age group of 18–45 years having moderate sedentary lifestyle. All the anthropometric measurements are performed including BMI. Pulmonary functions tests were performed using SPIROLAB II (MIR) software. Statistical analysis was done using GraphPad Instat software and appropriate statistical test was applied.

Results: Forced vital capacity (FVC%), peak expiratory flow rate, and maximal voluntary ventilation values were negatively correlated with BMI values in obese individuals and forced expiratory volume in one second/FVC% was positively correlated with BMI values suggestive of restrictive pattern of lung disease.

Conclusion: The study shown that increased BMI and increased abdominal fat are associated with pulmonary dysfunction. However, large sample and subjects with all ages and both sexes are required to strengthen the results.

Key words: Body Mass Index; Pulmonary Function Tests; Obesity


 
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Pubmed Style

Vadasmiya DS, Patel HV. The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(1): 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018


Web Style

Vadasmiya DS, Patel HV. The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=9049 [Access: March 25, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vadasmiya DS, Patel HV. The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(1): 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vadasmiya DS, Patel HV. The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited March 25, 2019]; 9(1): 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018



Harvard Style

Vadasmiya, D. S. & Patel, . H. V. (2019) The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (1), 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018



Turabian Style

Vadasmiya, Divyesh S, and Hitesh V Patel. 2019. The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (1), 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018



Chicago Style

Vadasmiya, Divyesh S, and Hitesh V Patel. "The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vadasmiya, Divyesh S, and Hitesh V Patel. "The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.1 (2019), 16-18. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vadasmiya, D. S. & Patel, . H. V. (2019) The study of pulmonary functions tests and fat distribution in overweight and obese adult males. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (1), 16-18. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929603112018





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