E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults

Gurdev Lal Goyal, Ruby Sharma, Sandeep Joshi, Abhinav Bhardwaj.

Abstract
Background: Insufficient sleep has been shown to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and overall mortality. Sleep deprivation can affect the cardiovascular autonomic control leading to sympathovagal imbalance.

Aims and Objectives: This study was conceptualized to evaluate the effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery (HRR) after treadmill exercise test in otherwise healthy adult subjects.

Materials and Methods: The study included 50 healthy young adults in the age group of 18–35 years. The study subjects were divided into two groups of 25 each. Group 1 included subjects doing daytime duty. Group 2 included subjects who had completed their night shift duty. A maximal symptom-limited exercise stress test was performed by each subject in both the groups. The HRR was calculated as the reduction in HR from peak exercise to the 30th s (HRR 30), 1st min (HRR 1), 2nd min (HRR 2), 3rd min (HRR 3), and 5th min (HRR 5).

Results: Subjects with sleep deprivation achieved a significantly lower level of the maximum HR at the peak of exercise stress test than the subjects with normal sleep (P < 0.05). HRR at 30 s (HRR 30 s) and 1 min (HRR 1) was found to be significantly lower in sleep-deprived subjects as compared to subjects taking normal sleep (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: HRR after 1 min of exercise stress testing was significantly affected by sleep deprivation. This is explained by the effect of sleep deprivation on the cardiovascular autonomic control.

Key words: Heart Rate Recovery; Parasympathetic; Sleep Deprivation; Stress Test


 
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Pubmed Style

Goyal GL, Sharma R, Joshi S, Bhardwaj A. Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(1): 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018


Web Style

Goyal GL, Sharma R, Joshi S, Bhardwaj A. Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=13306 [Access: March 25, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Goyal GL, Sharma R, Joshi S, Bhardwaj A. Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(1): 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Goyal GL, Sharma R, Joshi S, Bhardwaj A. Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited March 25, 2019]; 9(1): 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018



Harvard Style

Goyal, G. L., Sharma, . R., Joshi, . S. & Bhardwaj, . A. (2019) Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (1), 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018



Turabian Style

Goyal, Gurdev Lal, Ruby Sharma, Sandeep Joshi, and Abhinav Bhardwaj. 2019. Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (1), 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018



Chicago Style

Goyal, Gurdev Lal, Ruby Sharma, Sandeep Joshi, and Abhinav Bhardwaj. "Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Goyal, Gurdev Lal, Ruby Sharma, Sandeep Joshi, and Abhinav Bhardwaj. "Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.1 (2019), 19-22. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Goyal, G. L., Sharma, . R., Joshi, . S. & Bhardwaj, . A. (2019) Effect of sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery after treadmill testing in otherwise healthy young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (1), 19-22. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1032006112018





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