E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus

Rajashree D, Vaishali M Paunikar.

Abstract
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) represents the most frequent endocrine disorder of pregnancy. Prevalence of GDM is increasing worldwide. Hence, impact of GDM on maternal and fetal health is a major concern and important from research point of view.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate risk factors associated with GDM and potential maternal complications of GDM.

Materials and Methods: A total of 900 antenatal women of gestational age >24 weeks were screened for GDM using 50 g glucose challenge test followed by oral glucose tolerance test. Based on the American diabetes association criteria, 30 women were diagnosed with GDM cases and followed till their deliveries. Data regarding risk factors associated with GDM and percentage distribution of maternal complications associated with risk factors were recorded.

Results: Complications of pre-eclampsia and polyhydramnios were found in 20% and 10% cases, respectively.

Conclusion: High maternal age, increased parity, previous GDM history, and a family history of DM are the predisposing risk factors for the development of GDM. Information about the risks of GDM could potentially help to incorporate early intervention measures and prevent maternal morbidities.

Key words: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; Oral Glucose Tolerance Test; Risk Factors; Pre-eclampsia; Polyhydramnios


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

D R, Paunikar VM. Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(11): 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019


Web Style

D R, Paunikar VM. Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=62747 [Access: February 16, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

D R, Paunikar VM. Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(11): 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

D R, Paunikar VM. Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited February 16, 2020]; 9(11): 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019



Harvard Style

D, R. & Paunikar, . V. M. (2019) Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (11), 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019



Turabian Style

D, Rajashree, and Vaishali M Paunikar. 2019. Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (11), 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019



Chicago Style

D, Rajashree, and Vaishali M Paunikar. "Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

D, Rajashree, and Vaishali M Paunikar. "Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.11 (2019), 1117-1120. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

D, R. & Paunikar, . V. M. (2019) Maternal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (11), 1117-1120. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0829631082019





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