E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study

Triveni Manchu, Meenakshi Lella, Susmitha Vemu, Sowmya Deepthi Chavla.

Abstract
Background: Self-medication is the use of medicine without medical supervision to treat one’s own ailment. It is most prevalent in developing countries like India and has the potential to do good as it is cost effective for treating common illness and also causes harm resulting in irrational drug use, adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and antimicrobial resistance. As medical students are exposed to knowledge about disease and drugs, self-medication is highly prevalent among them.

Aims and Objectives: The present study was carried to evaluate the practice and perception of self-medication among the second and final MBBS students and to compare the self-medication pattern among them to know the influence of medical training.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional and validated questionnaire-based study was conducted among the second and final MBBS students after the Institutional Ethics Committee approval. The students were asked to fill the questionnaire after obtaining informed consent. Chi-square test was used to compare self-medication pattern between the groups.

Results: Awareness of the precautions of self-medication, correct dosage, ADRs, over-the-counter drugs, generic and branded drugs, and complete course of antibiotics was more and statistically significant in final MBBS when compared to the second MBBS students. Fever and headache were the major symptoms for self-medication in both groups. Drugs most commonly used as self-medication were analgesics and antipyretics. Previous prescriptions by physicians and textbooks were the common informants of self-medication in the second and final MBBS students, respectively.

Conclusion: Self-medication is highly prevalent in undergraduate medical students. Various health education strategies are required to prevent and minimize drug interactions, irrational use, and adverse effects of drugs. Students need to be educated about the long-term adverse effects of the drugs and indiscriminate use of antibiotics to combat antimicrobial resistance.

Key words: Self-medication; Medical Students; Medical Training; Over-the-counter Drugs


 
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Pubmed Style

Manchu T, Lella M, Vemu S, Chavla SD. A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019


Web Style

Manchu T, Lella M, Vemu S, Chavla SD. A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=46815 [Access: August 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Manchu T, Lella M, Vemu S, Chavla SD. A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Manchu T, Lella M, Vemu S, Chavla SD. A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited August 23, 2019]; 9(8): 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019



Harvard Style

Manchu, T., Lella, . M., Vemu, . S. & Chavla, . S. D. (2019) A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (8), 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019



Turabian Style

Manchu, Triveni, Meenakshi Lella, Susmitha Vemu, and Sowmya Deepthi Chavla. 2019. A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019



Chicago Style

Manchu, Triveni, Meenakshi Lella, Susmitha Vemu, and Sowmya Deepthi Chavla. "A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Manchu, Triveni, Meenakshi Lella, Susmitha Vemu, and Sowmya Deepthi Chavla. "A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.8 (2019), 714-718. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Manchu, T., Lella, . M., Vemu, . S. & Chavla, . S. D. (2019) A comparative evaluation of the perception of self-medication among medical students of a tertiary care teaching medical college and hospital – A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 714-718. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516710052019





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