E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students

Pratik Akhani, Siddharth Banode, Nirupama Shah.

Abstract
Background: Medical students are confronted with many life stressors from both college and home. Unmanaged stress is now believed to be a contributing and/or causal factor in the development of many physical and mental health problems. Yoga is an ancient Indian philosophic system to reduce stress and achieve psychosomatic harmony through a combination of postural exercises (Asanas), voluntary breathing exercises (Pranayamas), and meditations.

Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to better understand the effects of Yoga on healthy individuals and to provide the scientific basis for the possible use of Yoga as preventive and/or alternative therapy for health disorders; the present study was planned. The primary objective was to investigate the effects of Yoga on cardiorespiratory efficiency parameters of healthy Indian medical students.

Materials and Methods: A total of 300 medical students were randomly divided into intervention group and control group using simple random sampling. Intervention group was subjected to 4 weeks’ Yoga training by a certified Yoga teacher. Height, weight, resting pulse rate (RPR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fitness index (FI), tidal volume (TV), vital capacity (VC), breath holding time (BHT), maximum expiratory pressure (MEP), and 40 mmHg endurance test (40 mmHg ET) were measured in both the groups before and after intervention.

Results: In the intervention group, RPR, SBP, and DBP decreased significantly, whereas FI, TV, VC, BHT, MEP, and 40 mmHg ET increased significantly following Yoga. TV increased after Yoga, but the change was not significant.

Conclusion: Yoga improves cardiorespiratory efficiency in healthy individuals and can be recommended for patients as well.

Key words: Yoga; Students; Cardiovascular; Respiratory; Efficiency


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Pratik Akhani
Articles by Siddharth Banode
Articles by Nirupama Shah
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 566
Downloaded: 147
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Akhani P, Banode S, Shah N. A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(5): 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019


Web Style

Akhani P, Banode S, Shah N. A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=34324 [Access: May 27, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akhani P, Banode S, Shah N. A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(5): 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akhani P, Banode S, Shah N. A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited May 27, 2019]; 9(5): 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019



Harvard Style

Akhani, P., Banode, . S. & Shah, . N. (2019) A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (5), 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019



Turabian Style

Akhani, Pratik, Siddharth Banode, and Nirupama Shah. 2019. A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (5), 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019



Chicago Style

Akhani, Pratik, Siddharth Banode, and Nirupama Shah. "A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akhani, Pratik, Siddharth Banode, and Nirupama Shah. "A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.5 (2019), 411-417. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akhani, P., Banode, . S. & Shah, . N. (2019) A study of cardiorespiratory efficiency following yoga in healthy Indian medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (5), 411-417. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0306808032019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Comparison of bleeding time and clotting time between males and females
    Ritu Adhana, Rajanish Chaurasiya, Anjali Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1388-1390
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2018.06201417062018

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]