E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center

Vishrutha K V, Pansy Lyall.

Abstract
Background: Obesity is the most emerging problem in today’s time. It is responsible for many metabolic as well as psychological ailments. Obesity and autonomic involvement have been studied, but evidence regarding the same is controversial. Obesity can no longer be considered as a silent epidemic in the new age scenario. Although people consider obesity a problem, it can still be regarded as one of the most overlooked public health issues.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to study the relationship between obesity and autonomic function tests.

Materials and Methods: Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out in 86 male volunteers in the age group of 18–25 years. 40 of the subjects were included in the obese group, body mass index (BMI >30 kg/m˛) and the other 46 were included in the non-obese group (BMI <30 kg/m˛). Autonomic function tests in the form of heart rate variability and sympathetic skin response (SSR) tests were conducted in both the groups.

Results: High frequency (HF) was significantly reduced in the obese group (240 ± 3.22, P < 0.014). Low frequency/HF was significantly altered in the obese group (P < 0.05). SDNN was significantly lesser in obese when compared to non-obese (P < 0.05). SSR latencies and amplitudes when compared between obese and non-obese did not reveal statistically significant results. However, both SSR amplitude and latency were lesser in the obese group when compared to non-obese. Tests indicate decreased parasympathetic activity in obese individuals.

Conclusion: The link between obesity and autonomic functions if detected earlier in the long run will pave the way for a healthier life. This, in turn, may help in preventing cardiovascular morbidity which, in turn, reduces the burden on the society as a whole.

Key words: Body Mass Index; Autonomic Nervous System; Obesity; Autonomic Function Tests


 
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Pubmed Style

V VK, Lyall P. A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(4): 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019


Web Style

V VK, Lyall P. A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=31110 [Access: April 25, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V VK, Lyall P. A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(4): 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V VK, Lyall P. A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited April 25, 2019]; 9(4): 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019



Harvard Style

V, V. K. & Lyall, . P. (2019) A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (4), 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019



Turabian Style

V, Vishrutha K, and Pansy Lyall. 2019. A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (4), 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019



Chicago Style

V, Vishrutha K, and Pansy Lyall. "A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V, Vishrutha K, and Pansy Lyall. "A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.4 (2019), 349-352. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V, V. K. & Lyall, . P. (2019) A cross-sectional study on effect of obesity on autonomic functions in a tertiary care center. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (4), 349-352. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205018022019





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