E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder

Umadevi S V, Krishnan Srinivasan, Arulvarman P.

Abstract
Background: Anxiety is a mental health disorder which is characterized by worry, fear that may be strong enough to affect the day-to-day activities. The children and adolescents group in the current generation is the most vulnerable group for anxiety disorder due to lifestyle modifications. Anxiety-prone children are likely to have decreased concentration, lack of attention and drive for academic and social activities. Hence, the present study was done to compare the cognition of normal subjects with cognition of mild, moderate, and severe anxiety disorders.

Aims and Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the cognition in adolescent school children with anxiety disorder.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 150 students. A questionnaire recommended by generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)-7 was administered to the students. Cognitive status was assessed using Stroop test and reaction time.

Results: Out of the 150 participants, 19% were normal with GAD to score <5. 46% had mild anxiety, 19% had moderate anxiety, and 16% had severe anxiety. There was a statistically significant increase in reaction time and Stroop test in severe anxiety group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: This study has presented an outline of the effects of anxiety on cognition. The study has demonstrated a decline in cognitive function when the severity of anxiety increases. Proper counseling along with cognitive therapy should be given at an early stage to the person who is diagnosed to be having anxiety.

Key words: Auditory Reaction Time; Visual Reaction Time; Stroop Test


 
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Pubmed Style

V US, Srinivasan K, P A. Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(4): 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019


Web Style

V US, Srinivasan K, P A. Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=29618 [Access: July 22, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V US, Srinivasan K, P A. Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(4): 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V US, Srinivasan K, P A. Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited July 22, 2019]; 9(4): 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019



Harvard Style

V, U. S., Srinivasan, . K. & P, . A. (2019) Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (4), 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019



Turabian Style

V, Umadevi S, Krishnan Srinivasan, and Arulvarman P. 2019. Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (4), 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019



Chicago Style

V, Umadevi S, Krishnan Srinivasan, and Arulvarman P. "Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V, Umadevi S, Krishnan Srinivasan, and Arulvarman P. "Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.4 (2019), 303-306. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V, U. S., Srinivasan, . K. & P, . A. (2019) Cognitive dysfunction among adolescent school children with an anxiety disorder. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (4), 303-306. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0203707022019





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