E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Parameshwari Krishna.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes is a lifestyle disorder where there is an increase in the blood glucose levels which can be observed. Being diabetic is stressful and being stressful worsens diabetes. Hence, management of stress is most important in diabetic patients. Timely assessment of stress and counseling the patients are highly essential in the management of diabetes. If the stress is ill-managed, it leads to the depression. Depression has to be screened and managed appropriately. Otherwise, it increases the tendency of suicides.

Aims and Objective: The present study was undertaken to observe the depression, anxiety, and stress levels in diabetic patients.

Materials and Methods: The study included 30 type 2 diabetic patients and 30 age- and gender-matched healthy participants. The following criteria were used in the selection of cases. To assess the depression, anxiety, and stress levels, DASS 42 scale was used.

Results: There were significantly higher scores of depression, anxiety, and stress in the diabetics when compared to healthy controls.

Conclusion: The current study suggests that there are higher levels of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms in diabetic population when compared with healthy controls. We recommend further detailed studies in this area for better understanding of the association and recommend psychological support in the management plan of diabetes.

Key words: Diabetes; Stress; Anxiety; Depression


 
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Pubmed Style

Parameshwari Krishna. Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018


Web Style

Parameshwari Krishna. Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=8211 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Parameshwari Krishna. Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Parameshwari Krishna. Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited November 21, 2018]; 8(11): 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018



Harvard Style

Parameshwari Krishna (2018) Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (11), 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018



Turabian Style

Parameshwari Krishna. 2018. Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018



Chicago Style

Parameshwari Krishna. "Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Parameshwari Krishna. "Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.11 (2018), 1570-1572. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Parameshwari Krishna (2018) Depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1570-1572. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0929117092018





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