E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital

Sowmya K, Saravanan P.

Abstract
Background: Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs come with their own set of adverse effects and this is a major public health concern in India.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to assess the existing patterns of usage and level of awareness among medical and paramedical students of a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a period of 1 month among 300 students in tertiary care hospital. One hundred students were chosen randomly from three courses – Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), D. Pharmacy, and B.Sc. Nursing.

Results: All the respondents belonged to the age group of 18–22 years. It was found that only 27.3% of the respondents bought drugs without a doctor’s prescription over the past 1 year. Lowest prevalence of OTC drug usage was found in B.Sc. Nursing students. The most common symptoms reported were cold/cough (49.3%), fever (33.3%), and headache (29.7%). The most common classes of drugs used were analgesics (36%), antibiotics (32%), and cough syrups (31%). Antihistamines and antacids/laxatives were used to a lesser extent. Among the 300 respondents, 49.7% of them knew the meaning of the term “OTC drugs” with 27.3% of them having recommended OTC drugs to others. Among the three courses, MBBS students had the highest awareness and D. Pharmacy students had the least awareness. There was a significant association between the level of awareness and socioeconomic status as well as between the level of awareness and course studied.

Conclusion: This study revealed that the prevalence of self-medication with OTC drugs among medical and paramedical students is low. However, awareness also remains very low.

Key words: Level of Awareness; Over-the-counter Drugs; Socioeconomic Status; Self-medication


 
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Pubmed Style

K S, P S. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(6): 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021


Web Style

K S, P S. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=46782 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

K S, P S. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(6): 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

K S, P S. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 01, 2021]; 11(6): 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021



Harvard Style

K, S. & P, . S. (2021) Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (6), 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021



Turabian Style

K, Sowmya, and Saravanan P. 2021. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (6), 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021



Chicago Style

K, Sowmya, and Saravanan P. "Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

K, Sowmya, and Saravanan P. "Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.6 (2021), 610-615. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

K, S. & P, . S. (2021) Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of over-the-counter drug usage among medical and paramedical students of an urban tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (6), 610-615. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.01024202126012021