E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school

Malini M, Sudhir G K, Narasimhaswamy K N.

Abstract
Background: Even though many recent innovations are done in various teaching-learning methods adopted, the undergraduate bulk of teaching is still delivered through didactic lectures in most of the medical schools. Most of the students find these didactic lectures very boring and also many researches have shown that lectures, a passive method of learning, provide the lowest retention rate of knowledge in comparison to active methods of learning that involves discussing in groups, tutorials, and teaching to others are much more effective. Hence, games like crossword puzzles can be used to teach undergraduates in learning the key concepts in physiology as it can induce interest among students and can also be used as a tool to assess the enhancement in learning after the lectures, this can be a welcome change in the monotonous routine lectures.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) To administer crossword puzzle before and after lecture, (ii) to evaluate the enhancement of learning after lecture, (iii) to obtain feedback on usefulness of crossword puzzle in effective learning, and (iv) to analyze the change in the performance in relation to feedback.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 150 1st year MBBS students after obtaining Ethical Clearance from the Institutional Ethical Committee, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences. Simple crossword on endocrine physiology was constructed with clues given “across” and “down” using the crossword puzzle maker website. Before the start of lecture on “Introduction to Endocrine Physiology,” students were given instruction on the rules of the games and were divided into teams, each team consisting of six students according to their roll number, the crossword puzzle was given to different teams, time allotted was 8 min. Later, 1-h lecture on the topic was delivered and same crossword puzzle was given to solve after the lecture to assess the enhancement of learning after lecture and feedback was obtained on usefulness of crossword puzzle in effective learning.

Results: Pre-test score of the students of crossword puzzle before the start of the lecture was 4.76± 1.09 and the post-test score of the students after the lecture was 11.72 ± 1.6 (P < 0.1); this was highly significant. Feedback obtained from the students was indicative of that they want more such games in physiology which they felt it interesting, innovative, creative, and fun educational tool and helped them in understanding new words as well as concepts in physiology.

Conclusion: Hence, from the present study, we conclude that games like crossword puzzles can enhance learning among students as indicated by post-test score. Most of the students strongly agreed that discussing in groups could increase their understanding of the topic better as well the competitive aspect of doing the puzzle contributed to their effectiveness.

Key words: Crossword Puzzle; Teaching-Learning Methods; Enhancement; Physiology


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Malini M
Articles by Sudhir G K
Articles by Narasimhaswamy K N
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 438
Downloaded: 14
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

M M, K SG, N NK. Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019


Web Style

M M, K SG, N NK. Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=34583 [Access: August 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M M, K SG, N NK. Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M M, K SG, N NK. Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited August 23, 2019]; 9(8): 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019



Harvard Style

M, M., K, . S. G. & N, . N. K. (2019) Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (8), 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019



Turabian Style

M, Malini, Sudhir G K, and Narasimhaswamy K N. 2019. Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019



Chicago Style

M, Malini, Sudhir G K, and Narasimhaswamy K N. "Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M, Malini, Sudhir G K, and Narasimhaswamy K N. "Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.8 (2019), 793-797. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M, M., K, . S. G. & N, . N. K. (2019) Crossword puzzle as a tool to enhance learning among students in a medical school. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 793-797. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620304062019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]