E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students

Amruta N Kumbhar, Padmaja R Desai.

Abstract
Background: Obesity affects our body in different manner and considered as an important public health problem. Various cognitive functions of brain get affected by high body mass index (BMI > 30 Kg/m²).

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to study the correlation of BMI with cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students.

Materials and Methods: A total of 230 medical students were selected in random manner in a medical college. Informed consent was given by all study subjects. All study subjects were informed about tests to be performed. Quetlet’s formula was used to measure BMI. “Montreal Cognition Assessment Test” was used to check cognitive functions in medical students.

Results: There was significant negative correlation between BMI and cognitive function score in overweight and obese category (P < 0.05). Proportion of study subjects with cognitive function score <26 was significantly more in overweight and obese group in comparison with BMI group within normal limit (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: The elevated BMI is associated with decreased cognitive function even in very healthy individuals also. This is an indication of the implementation of public health measures to maintain appropriate lifestyle so as to maintain normal BMI.

Key words: Body Mass Index; Correlation; Cognitive Performance


 
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Pubmed Style

Kumbhar AN, Desai PR. A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(6): 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019


Web Style

Kumbhar AN, Desai PR. A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=31775 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kumbhar AN, Desai PR. A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(6): 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kumbhar AN, Desai PR. A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 9(6): 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019



Harvard Style

Kumbhar, A. N. & Desai, . P. R. (2019) A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (6), 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019



Turabian Style

Kumbhar, Amruta N, and Padmaja R Desai. 2019. A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (6), 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019



Chicago Style

Kumbhar, Amruta N, and Padmaja R Desai. "A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kumbhar, Amruta N, and Padmaja R Desai. "A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.6 (2019), 489-492. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kumbhar, A. N. & Desai, . P. R. (2019) A study of correlation between body mass index and cognitive performance of undergraduate medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (6), 489-492. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0205418032019





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