E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India

Sudarshan Dash, Ratikanta Tripathy, Bhaskar Thakur, Suresh Chandra Pradhan, Pushpam Soni, Manjushree Mohanty.

Abstract
Background: Knowledge regarding contraceptives and practice of their use or nonuse decide the health outcomes of married women. There appears to be an unmet need of contraceptive use making a gap between the reproductive intentions and womenís contraceptive behaviour. This has led to many women being deprived of their needs of contraception as well as exposing them to unnecessary child birth.

Aims and Objectives: The aims of this study were (1) to determine the knowledge and practice of various contraceptive methods in married couples attending a tertiary care teaching hospital, (2) to know about their use, nonuse, or discontinuation among them, and (3) to suggest methods to improve their use and making them more safe and effective.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted for 6 months. Married women (n = 200) attending the obstetrics and gynecology outpatient department of KIMS hospital Bhubaneswar participated in the study. They were given a questionnaire after obtaining their informed consent. The information from them on sociodemographic variables, awareness, and knowledge was documented, and the practices of their use/nonuse were analyzed.

Results: Majority of women were aware of contraceptive usage (87%). The main reason for discontinuing of contraceptives was to get a child (49.2%). Among the nonusers, 29% attributed the reason to apprehension of side effects. Media (64.5%) was the most common source of information. 5% of women used medical termination of pregnancy kit to terminate the pregnancy without knowing the grave consequences of such usage.

Conclusion: The knowledge for contraceptives was high, but their usage was low. Hence, there is a need for improving the contraceptive use among married women. The approach to contraception should be designed taking into consideration of the patientís reproductive intentions so that child birth could be a planned process and unwanted pregnancies can be avoided.

Key words: Knowledge; Practice; Contraceptive; Health Education


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Sudarshan Dash
Articles by Ratikanta Tripathy
Articles by Bhaskar Thakur
Articles by Suresh Chandra Pradhan
Articles by Pushpam Soni
Articles by Manjushree Mohanty
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 759
Downloaded: 240
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dash S, Tripathy R, Thakur B, Pradhan SC, Soni P, Mohanty M. The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(2): 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017


Web Style

Dash S, Tripathy R, Thakur B, Pradhan SC, Soni P, Mohanty M. The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=273696 [Access: July 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dash S, Tripathy R, Thakur B, Pradhan SC, Soni P, Mohanty M. The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(2): 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dash S, Tripathy R, Thakur B, Pradhan SC, Soni P, Mohanty M. The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited July 16, 2018]; 8(2): 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017



Harvard Style

Dash, S., Tripathy, R., Thakur, B., Pradhan, S. C., Soni, P. & Mohanty, M. (2018) The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (2), 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017



Turabian Style

Dash, Sudarshan, Ratikanta Tripathy, Bhaskar Thakur, Suresh Chandra Pradhan, Pushpam Soni, and Manjushree Mohanty. 2018. The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (2), 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017



Chicago Style

Dash, Sudarshan, Ratikanta Tripathy, Bhaskar Thakur, Suresh Chandra Pradhan, Pushpam Soni, and Manjushree Mohanty. "The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dash, Sudarshan, Ratikanta Tripathy, Bhaskar Thakur, Suresh Chandra Pradhan, Pushpam Soni, and Manjushree Mohanty. "The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.2 (2018), 192-196. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dash, S., Tripathy, R., Thakur, B., Pradhan, S. C., Soni, P. & Mohanty, M. (2018) The pattern of unmet need of contraceptive use in married couples attending a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (2), 192-196. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0728511082017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimerís disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]